This edited volume brings together many of the world’s leading scholars of intelligence with a number of former senior practitioners to facilitate a wide-ranging dialogue on the central challenges confronting students of intelligence.
The book presents a series of documents, nearly all of which are published here for the first time, accompanied by both overview and commentary sections. The central objectives of this collection are twofold. First, it seeks to build on existing scholarship on intelligence in deepening our understanding of its impact on a series of key events in the international history of the past century. Further, it aims to explore the different ways in which intelligence can be studied by bringing together both scholarly and practical expertise to examine a range of primary material relevant to the history of intelligence since the early twentieth century.
This book will be of great interest to students of intelligence, strategic and security studies, foreign policy and international history.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Enquiries into the ‘Secret State’ 1. ‘Knowledge is never too dear’: Exploring Intelligence Archives R. Gerald Hughes and Len Scott 2. British SIGINT Decrypts on London Naval Conference, 1930. Overview: British Signals Intelligence and the London Naval Conference, 1930 Andrew Webster. Document one: ‘Naval Conference: Japanese Admiralty Views on American Proposals.’ Document two: ‘Naval Conference: Japanese Summary of the Situation and Request for Instructions.’ Commentary: Communications Intelligence and Conference Diplomacy: London, 1930 John Ferris. Commentary: The Japanese Navy and the London Naval Conference Peter Mauch. Conclusions Andrew Webster 3. French Military Intelligence Responds to the German Remilitarisation of the Rhineland, 1936. Overview: A look at French Intelligence Machinery in 1936 Peter Jackson. Document three: ‘Note Concerning the Consequences that Follow, from a Military Point of View, from Germany’s Renunciation of the Locarno Treaty.’ Commentary: The Military Consequences for France of the End of Locarno Martin Alexander 4. The Creation of XX Committee, 1940. Overview: Deception and Double Cross Len Scott. Document 4: ‘Memorandum on the "Double Agent" System.’ Commentary: Deception and ‘Double Cross’ in the Second World War John Ferris 5. The Creation of a Vietnamese Intelligence Service, 1946-50. Overview: The Early Development of Vietnamese Intelligence Services (1945-50) Christopher Goscha. Documents five, six and seven: Three Documents on Early Vietnamese Intelligence and Security Services. Commentary: Establishing a North Vietnamese Intelligence Service David Marr. Commentary: The Development of Vietnamese Intelligence Merle Pribbenow 6. The Interrogation of Klaus Fuchs, 1950. Overview: Sir Michael Perrin’s Interviews with Dr Klaus Fuchs Michael Goodman. Document eight (pt. 1): ‘Record of Interview with Dr. K. Fuchs on 30th January 1950.’ Document nine (pt. 2): ‘Record of Interview with Dr. K. Fuchs on 22nd March 1950.’ Commentary: An Analysis of Sir Michael Perrin’s Interviews with Klaus Fuchs: Comparative Soviet Perspectives David Holloway 7. The CIA and Oleg Penkovsky, 1961-2. Overview: The Espionage of Oleg Penkovsky Charles Cogan. Documents ten to sixteen (excerpts): CIA Files on Penkovsky. Commentary: Penkovsky: A Western Success Story? Len Scott 8. American and British Intelligence on South Vietnam, 1963. Overview: The US and Vietnam in 1963 Andrew Priest. Document seventeen: ‘The Situation in South Vietnam’ (US). Document eighteen: ‘The Situation in South Vietnam’ (UK). Commentary: ‘In the Final Analysis, it is their War’: The United States and South Vietnam in 1963 R. Gerald Hughes 9. British Intelligence on the Arab-Israeli Military Balance, 1965. Overview: Between Suez and the Six Day War: Western Intelligence Assessments and the Arab-Israel Conflict, 1957-1967 James Vaughan. Document nineteen: ‘The Military Balance between Israel and the Arab World up to the End of 1966.’ Commentary: Assessing the Assessors: JIC Assessment and the Test of Time Yigal Sheffy 10. A KGB View of CIA Activity against the Soviet Bloc, 1983. Overview: Western Spying on the Soviet Union’s Military-Industrial Complex during the Second Cold War Paul Maddrell. Document twenty: ‘Multilateral Conference of the Organs Responsible for the Security of the Economy [illegible word or number].’ Commentary: Inside the Soviet Bloc in 1983 Matthias Uhl 11. A Conversation with Former DCI William E. Colby: Spymaster during the ‘Year of the Intelligence Wars’ Loch K. Johnson. Commentary: Loch Johnson’s Oral History Interview with William Colby, and Johnson’s Introduction to that Interview Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones 12. The Butler Report. Overview: The Butler Report as an Historical Document Peter Jackson. Document twenty-one: Butler Report (excerpt) ‘Conclusions on Iraq.’ Commentary: The Butler Report Robert Jervis. Commentary: The Butler Report: A US Perspective Loch K. Johnson
'This volume is a welcome addition to the intelligence bookshelf, particularly for use in the university classroom. It is unique in three ways: firstly, in the range of topics that are covered; secondly, in the wide variety of established expertise it brings to bear on a range of primary sources; thirdly, and above all, in the unprecedented access it provides to hitherto unpublished archival material.'
Dr Jennifer Siegel, Ohio State University
'An ideal introduction to the serious study of secret intelligence and the use made of it over the last century: well-chosen case studies with key documents and stimulating commentary. Essential reading for every intelligence studies course.'
Prof. Christopher Andrew, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge