The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 has identified four priority areas for Disaster Risk Reduction: understanding disaster risk; strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk; investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience and enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response; and to "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Although tremendous progress has been made in recent decades in understanding the workings of the Earth systems and, in particular, its impacts on and responses to human actions, there remains a continuing and pressing need for knowledge that will allow society to simultaneously reduce exposure to global environmental hazards, while also meeting economic development goals. Exploring Natural Hazards: A Case Study Approach, contributes to the knowledge showcasing advanced practices for the monitoring of natural hazards.
Through each case study, the book examines mainly hazards arising from processes within the hydrosphere and atmosphere, triggered or exacerbated by inputs to and transfers of energy between environmental components. It discusses the causes of these phenomena, and ways in which improved policy making, sometimes coupled with the application of appropriate modern technologies, can help to reduce people’s exposure to harm.
Discussing challenges, lessons learned and recommendations, this book provides a snapshot of issues related to tropical cyclones and typhoons, desertification, floods, lightning as a hazard and the need for alert systems. It is a valuable resource for practitioners and professionals alike, for researchers, students and others who work at the intersection between environmental hazards, sustainable development and social justice.
Table of Contents
Tropical Cyclone and Track Forecasting
Chandan Roy and Rita Kovordanyi
Tropical Cyclones: Effect on the Ionosphere
Typhoon and Sea Surface Cooling
Indian Cyclones and Earthquakes: Their Impact on Structures
Parthasarathi Mukhopadhyay and Sekhar Chandra Dutta
Alert Systems in Natural Hazards: Best Practices
Montserrat Ferrer-Julia, Miguel Mendes, Joaquín Ramírez and Paul Hirst
Tropical Cyclone Activities: Asia Pacific Region
Lindsey M. Harriman
Desertification: Causes and Effects
Drought Forecasting: Artificial Intelligence Methods
Jan Adamowski and Anteneh Belayneh
Estimating CO2 Emissions from Subsurface Coal Fires
S. Taku Ide, Claudia Kuenzer and F.M. Orr, Jr.
Spatial Analysis of Flood Causes in the Hindu Kush Region
Integrated Approach for Flood Assessment of Coastal Urban Watersheds
T.I. Eldho, P.E. Zope and Anand T. Kulkarni
Natural Hazards in Poland
Joanna Pociask-Karteczka, Z.W. Kundzewicz, R. Twardosz and A. Rajwa-Kuligiewicz
Darius Bartlett is an Earth Scientist and geomorphologist by training, with particular specialism in GIS and the application of geoinformation technologies to coastal zone science. Now retired from active teaching, he is currently researching sites of possible historical tsunami impacts on the coast of Ireland. He is the co-editor of Marine and Coastal Geographical Information Systems (with Dawn Wright. Taylor and Francis: 2000), GIS for Coastal Zone Management (With Jennifer Smith, CRC Press: 2005) and Geoinformatics for Marine and Coastal Management (With Louis Celliers, CRC Press: 2017).
Ramesh P. Singh, Ph.D., Professor, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Chapman University, Orange, California, USA since 2009. He completed his graduation from Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India, MS in Solid Earth Geophysics in 1976 and Ph.D. in 1980. He was Post-doctoral and AOSTRA Fellow with the Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Canada during 1981-1986. He joined Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur, India as a Faculty member during 1986-2007. At IIT Kanpur he taught Geoscience and Remote Sensing courses at the undergraduate and post graduate levels. Dr. Singh joined George Mason University (GMU) as a Distinguished Visiting Professor during 2003-2005 and later on as Full Professor in 2007 until 2009. He moved to Chapman University, Orange, California, USA where he is continuing as of 2009.
Dr. Singh was member of the IUGG Commission on GeoRisk since 2004 and served as Vice President. He is presently President of AGU Natural Hazards Focus Group for the period 2017-2018. He is also member of the IUGG-EMSEV Bureau.
"… provides a case study approach across 13 chapters addressing issues related to tropical cyclones and typhoons, desertification, floods, draught, coal fire emission along with alert system in natural hazards. This book will provide a scientific understanding of these hazards to the readers and will enrich their knowledge to deal with these calamities. This book will also provide information for reducing the risks and acquaintance with actions based on scientific understanding."
— Debashis Mitra, Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (ISRO), Dehradun, India