Migration-driven diversity means European cities are becoming increasingly superdiverse. Some European neighbourhoods have become places where newcomers arrive from across the world, speaking many different languages, from a range of socio-economic backgrounds and with diverse religious beliefs and practices, while living alongside long-established migrant and white European populations. This book focuses on what this increasing population diversity means for how people and local health and welfare service providers seek to address everyday health concerns – from minor and chronic conditions to acute and urgent problems.
Using an innovative mixed-method approach crossing multiple disciplines and drawing together rich qualitative and robust quantitative data, this book offers unique insight into the complex and intricate actions, which often vary over space and time, implemented by both residents and care providers from eight superdiverse localities in four European countries, each with different health and welfare traditions. The book introduces the concept of welfare bricolage, using it as a mechanism to explore the structures and rationales underpinning need and actions, and how resources are connected across welfare regimes and borders and within locales. The book illustrates how, in the face of increasingly marketised, cash-strapped, restrictive and institutionally racist welfare states and healthcare regimes, individuals and service providers strive to address need.
By focusing on welfare regimes, migration histories, everyday actions and resources within neighbourhoods, Exploring Welfare Bricolage in Europe’s Superdiverse Neighbourhoods offers a unique insight into what people and providers actually do when faced with health concerns. The book highlights the role of structure and agency and moves beyond conventional approaches that focus on specific groups or sectors to research health and welfare by looking at whole populations and entire welfare ecosystems. The book’s theoretical, methodological and empirical contributions will be of use to scholars, practitioners and policymakers interested in welfare, healthcare, diversity and migration.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Advent of Superdiversity
2. Superdiversity and Welfare Delivery
3. Understanding the Delivery of Health and Welfare to Diverse Populations
4. The Case Study Countries, Neighbourhoods and Regimes
5. Researching Health and Welfare in an Era of Superdiversity
6. Residents as Bricoleurs
7. Factors Shaping Bricolage Tactics
8. Welfare Providers as Bricoleurs: Meeting Diverse Need Across Welfare Ecosystems
9. Conclusions: Superdiversity, Bricolage and an Ethics of Care
Jenny Phillimore is Professor of Migration and Superdiversity at the University of Birmingham, UK.
Hannah Bradby has been Professor at the Sociology Department, Uppsala University, Sweden since 2013, having previously held a senior lectureship at the University of Warwick, UK.
Tilman Brand is Head of the research group Social Epidemiology at the Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology since 2012.
Beatriz Padilla teaches in the Department of Sociology and is Interim Director of the Institute for the Study of Latin American and the Caribbean (ISLAC) at the University of South Florida, in the United States.
Simon Pemberton is Professor of Human Geography at Keele University, UK.
"This is a major methodological contribution to cross-national comparative social policy which addresses the relationship between universal services and complexly diverse needs across four European countries. It provides a highly original and sophisticated multiscalar analysis of the social relations of health care drawn from the experiences of service-users and practitioners in neighbourhoods characterised by their social, racial, ethnic, migrant and citizenship diversity. Through a critical engagement with the concepts of superdiversity and bricolage, the authors show how users and providers piece together ways of meeting health needs in different national and transnational contexts which constrain and occasionally enable them. Vital reading for students and researchers."
- Fiona Williams, Emeritus Professor of Social Policy at the University of Leeds, Honorary Professor at the Social Policy Research Unit, University of New South Wales, Australia, and Research Affiliate at COMPAS, University of Oxford
"Until now, superdiversity has been used as a concept for re-conceptualizing societies, developing theories of complexity, and re-tooling research methods. This book brings a much-needed approach in terms of superdiversity’s meanings for public service provision and delivery. Based on solid empirical findings, it is a very welcome and timely contribution!"
- Steven Vertovec, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity
"This volume is a welcome and groundbreaking addition to the scholarship on superdiversity in Europe. Offering the compelling concept of ‘welfare bricolage’ to illustrate the creative mobilisation, use, and re-use of resources, particularly as it relates to healthcare provision, it contributes exciting new insights on migration and superdiverse populations. It is a useful tool for understanding the implications of and for policy across a wide range of settings."
- Heide Castañeda, Professor and Associate Chair, Department of Anthropology, University of South Florida