Exploring Welfare Bricolage in Europe’s Superdiverse Neighbourhoods
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Migration-driven diversity means European cities are becoming increasingly superdiverse. Some European neighbourhoods have become places where newcomers arrive from across the world, speaking many different languages, from a range of socio-economic backgrounds and faith traditions and with diverse religious beliefs and practices, while living alongside long-established migrant and White European populations. This book focuses on what this increasing population diversity means for how people and local health and welfare service providers seek to address everyday health concerns – from minor and chronic conditions to acute and urgent problems.
Using an innovative mixed method approach crossing multiple disciplines and drawing together rich qualitative and robust quantitative data, this book offers unique insight into the complex and intricate actions, which often vary over space and time, implemented by both residents and care providers from eight superdiverse localities in four European countries, each with different health and welfare traditions. The book introduces the concept of welfare bricolage using it as a mechanism to explore the structures and rationales underpinning need and actions, and how resources are connected across welfare regimes and borders and within locales. The book illustrates how, in the face of increasingly marketised, cash-strapped, restrictive and institutionally racist welfare states and healthcare regimes, individuals and service providers strive to address need.
By focusing on welfare regimes, migration histories, everyday actions and resources within neighbourhoods Exploring Welfare Bricolage in Europe’s Superdiverse Neighbourhoods offers unique insight into what people and providers actually do when faced with health concerns. The book highlights the role of structure and agency and moves beyond conventional approaches that focus on specific groups or sectors to research health and welfare by looking at whole populations and entire welfare ecosystems. The book’s theoretical, methodological and empirical contributions will be of use to scholars, practitioners and policymakers interested in welfare, healthcare, diversity and migration.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Advent of Superdiversity
2. Superdiversity and Welfare Delivery
3. Understanding the Delivery of Health and Welfare to Diverse Populations
4. The Case Study Countries, Neighbourhoods and Regimes
5. Researching Health and Welfare in an Era of Superdiversity
6. Residents as Bricoleurs
7. Factors Shaping Bricolage Tactics
8. Welfare Providers as Bricoleurs: Meeting Diverse Need Across Welfare Ecosystems
9. Conclusions: Superdiversity, Bricolage and an Ethics of Care
Jenny Phillimore is Professor of Migration and Superdiversity at the University of Birmingham, UK. She was Founding Director of the Institute for Research into Superdiversity. Her research interests span refugee integration with a particular focus on health, housing, and social networks and access to healthcare in superdiverse populations. Jenny led the Welfare Bricolage examining healthcare seeking behaviours and provision in superdiverse areas project on which the book is based and is currently lead of the SEREDA exploring refugees’ resilience and vulnerability to sexual and gender-based violence in the refugee crisis. She has advised multiple Governments in the UK, Canada, Australia, and Europe and has published over 50 journal articles in leading academic journals in multiple disciplines including social policy, migration studies, health sciences, sociology and urban studies.
Hannah Bradby has been Professor at the Sociology Department, Uppsala University, Sweden since 2013, having previously held a senior lectureship at the University of Warwick, UK. Her research interrogates the links between identity, structure and health with particular reference to racism, ethnicity and religion. She blogs at the ‘Cost of Living’ and edits the open access journal ‘Frontiers in Sociology’.
Tilman Brand is Head of the research group Social Epidemiology at the Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology since 2012. His research focuses on health inequalities with specific reference to gender and migration as well as evidence-based strategies to improve the health of disadvantaged populations.
Beatriz Padilla teaches in the Department of Sociology and is Interim Director of the Institute for the Study of Latin American and the Caribbean (ISLAC) at the University of South Florida, in the United States. She was Associate Research Professor at the University Institute of Lisbon and Associate Professor at the University of Minho, Portugal. She is co-chair of the International Migration Section of the Latin American Studies Association, and a member of the Advisory Board in the journal Comparative Migration Studies.
Simon Pemberton is Professor of Human Geography at Keele University, UK. Simon has particular interests in the interaction between space, place, and migration and has published extensively on the impacts of migration from the EU8 accession countries since 2004. His main areas of specialism include the policies, politics and impacts of new immigration; the place-based effects of migration, and migrant place-making and mobility in an era of increasing superdiversity.
"This is a major methodological contribution to cross-national comparative social policy which addresses the relationship between universal services and complexly diverse needs across four European countries. It provides a highly original and sophisticated multiscalar analysis of the social relations of health care drawn from the experiences of service-users and practitioners in neighbourhoods characterised by their social, racial, ethnic, migrant and citizenship diversity. Through a critical engagement with the concepts of superdiversity and bricolage, the authors show how users and providers piece together ways of meeting health needs in different national and transnational contexts which constrain and occasionally enable them. Vital reading for students and researchers."
- Fiona Williams, Emeritus Professor of Social Policy at the University of Leeds, Honorary Professor at the Social Policy Research Unit, University of New South Wales, Australia, and Research Affiliate at COMPAS, University of Oxford
"Until now, superdiversity has been used as a concept for re-conceptualizing societies, developing theories of complexity, and re-tooling research methods. This book brings a much-needed approach in terms of superdiversity’s meanings for public service provision and delivery. Based on solid empirical findings, it is a very welcome and timely contribution!"
- Steven Vertovec, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity