This book concentrates on the role of commercialized intermediary actors in migration. It seeks to understand how these actors shape migration and mobility patterns through the services they offer.
In addressing the role that migration industries play in migration, the book uses diverse examples such as labour market brokers and recruitment agencies from Eastern Europe to the United Kingdom; Latvian migration to Norway; super-rich lifestyle brokers; international students agents; the Global Mobility Industry for corporate expatriates; skilled migrant intermediaries; and those providing services to West African migrants coming to Europe or Indonesians leaving for Malaysia. Through these examples, the contributors examine the actors in migration industries, showing how they respond to and shape migration trends. They also consider how migration industries operate, manoeuvre and interact with government policy on migration management. Finally, the book looks at how migration industries enable certain forms of migration through enticement, facilitation and control, translating into specific migration trajectories and im/mobility.
Providing examples from across the world, this book analyses how charities, businesses, sub-contractors, informal recruitment agencies, and other actors help to shape migration processes, and it will be of interest to those studying not only the causes of migration, but also the migration process itself. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.
Introduction: New directions in exploring the migration industries
Sophie Cranston, Joris Schapendonk and Ernst Spaan
1. Oiling the wheels? Flexible labour markets and the migration industry
David McCollum and Allan Findlay
2. Facilitating labour migration from Latvia: strategies of various categories of intermediaries
Oksana Žabko, Aadne Aasland and Sylvi Birgit Endresen
3. Enabling, structuring and creating elite transnational lifestyles: intermediaries of the super-rich and the elite mobilities industry
Sin Yee Koh and Bart Wissink
4. Adapting to change in the higher education system: international student mobility as a migration industry
Suzanne E. Beech
5. Calculating the migration industries: knowing the successful expatriate in the Global Mobility Industry
6. Intermediaries and destination reputations: explaining flows of skilled migration
William S. Harvey, Dimitria Groutsis and Diane van den Broek
7. Navigating the migration industry: migrants moving through an African-European web of facilitation/control
8. Migration decision-making and migration industry in the Indonesia–Malaysia corridor
Ernst Spaan and Ton van Naerssen
Ethnic and Migration Studies will publish the results of first-class research on all forms of migration and its consequences, covering diverse topics such as ethnic conflict, discrimination, racism, nationalism, citizenship and policies of integration. This series will focus particularly on comparative research, assessing the consequences of migration in a variety of European countries, or comparing the impact of migration in one or more European countries and the countries of North America and the Asia-Pacific.