1st Edition

Exploring the Philosophy of Death and Dying Classical and Contemporary Perspectives

Edited By Travis Timmerman, Michael Cholbi Copyright 2021
    288 Pages
    by Routledge

    288 Pages
    by Routledge

    Exploring the Philosophy of Death and Dying: Classical and Contemporary Perspectives is the first book to offer students the full breadth of philosophical issues that are raised by the end of life. Included are many of the essential voices that have contributed to the philosophy of death and dying throughout history and in contemporary research. The 38 chapters in its nine sections contain classic texts (by authors such as Epicurus, Hume, Nietzsche, and Schopenhauer) and new short argumentative essays, specially commissioned for this volume, by world-leading contemporary experts.

    Exploring the Philosophy of Death and Dying introduces students to both theoretical issues (whether we can survive death, whether death is truly bad for us, whether immortality would be desirable, etc.) and urgent practical issues (the ethics of suicide, the value of grief, the appropriate medical criteria for declaring death, etc.) raised by human mortality, enabling instructors to adapt it to a wide array of institutions and student audiences.

    As a pedagogical benefit, PowerPoints, discussion questions, and test questions for each chapter are included as online ancillary materials.

    PART I When Do We Die?

    1 Defining Death: A Report on the Medical, Legal and Ethical Issues in the Determination of Death (Excerpt)

    President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems In Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research

    2 Defining Death in a Technological World: Why Brain Death Is Death

    John P. Lizza

    3 We Die When Entropy Overwhelms Homeostasis

    Michael Nair-Collins

    4 What It Is to Die

    Cody Gilmore

    PART II Can We Survive Our Death?

    5 The Tragic Sense of Life (Excerpts)

    Miguel de Unamuno

    6 Can We Survive Our Deaths?

    Stephen Cave

    7 The Possibility of an Afterlife

    David Hershenov and Rose Hershenov

    PART III Can Death Be Good or Bad for Us? If So, When Is It Good or Bad for Us?

    8 Letter to Menoeceus


    9 Two Arguments for Epicureanism

    Jens Johansson

    10 Why Death Is Not Bad for the One Who Dies

    James Stacey Taylor

    11 Death Is Bad for Us When We’re Dead

    Neil Feit

    12 Making Death Not Quite as Bad for the One Who Dies

    Kirsten Egerstrom

    PART IV Can Lucretius’ Asymmetry Problem Be Solved?

    13 On the Nature of Things (Excerpts)


    14 If You Want to Die Later, Then Why Don’t You Want to Have Been Born Earlier?

    Travis Timmerman

    15 Coming Into and Going Out of Existence

    Frederik Kaufman

    PART V Would Immortality Be Good for Us?

    16 The Epic of Gilgamesh (Excerpts)

    17 The Story of the Man Who Did Not Wish to Die

    Yei Theodora Ozaki

    18 How to Live a Never-Ending Novela (Or, Why Immortality Needn’t Undermine Identity

    Benjamin Mitchell-Yellin

    19 Taking Stock of the Risks of Life without Death

    August Gorman

    20 Immortality, Boredom, and Standing for Something

    David Beglin

    PART VI What Is the Best Attitude to Take Toward Our Mortality?

    21 Death, Mortality, and Meaning

    Todd May

    22 Fitting Attitudes Towards Deprivations

    Ben Bradley

    23 The Enchiridion (Excerpts)


    24 Setting the Wheel of Dhamma in Motion (Excerpts)

    25 Voluntary Death

    Friedrich Nietzsche

    PART VII How Should We React to the Deaths of Others?

    26 Letter to Lucilius

    Lucius Annaeus Seneca

    27 Why Grieve?

    Michael Cholbi

    28 The Significance of Future Generations

    Roman Altshuler

    29 Death and Survival Online

    Patrick Stokes

    PART VIII Is Suicide Rationally or Morally Defensible?

    30 Whether One Is Allowed to Kill Oneself

    St Thomas Aquinas

    31 Of Suicide (Excerpts)

    David Hume

    32 Suicide is Sometimes Rational and Morally Defensible

    David Benatar

    33 Suicide and Its Discontents

    Philip Reed

    34 An Irrational Suicide?

    Jukka Varelius

    PART IX How Does Death Affect the Meaningfulness of Our Lives?

    35 World as Will and Representation (Excerpts)

    Arthur Schopenhauer

    36 Death in Mind: Life, Meaning, and Mortality

    Kathy Behrendt

    37 Meaning in Life in Spite of Death

    Thaddeus Metz

    38 Out of the Blue into the Black: Reflections on Death and Meaning

    Michael Hauskeller


    Michael Cholbi is Chair in Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh and the founder of the International Association for the Philosophy of Death and Dying. His publications include Suicide: The Philosophical Dimensions (2011), Immortality and the Philosophy of Death (2015), and Grief: A Philosophical Guide (2021).

    Travis Timmerman is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Seton Hall University and executive committee member of the International Association for the Philosophy of Death and Dying. He specializes in the philosophy of death, normative ethics, and applied ethics. He has been the recipient of a National Endowment of the Humanities grant and co-recipient of an Immortality Project grant for his work in ethics and death respectively.

    "The scholarship, originality, variety, and pedagogical intelligence of Exploring the Philosophy of Death and Dying are outstanding to the point that a disclaimer seems in order: do not underestimate this book….. Cholbi and Timmerman have achieved the book’s compact package of breadth and depth without compromising on the completeness or clarity of the analyses and arguments. Put bluntly, it would be entirely inaccurate and unfortunate to mistake this anthology as an ad hoc "hot-topic" quick hook for undergraduates. Much to their credit, Cholbi and Timmerman have used their expertise as scholars and teachers to create an anthology that respects its subject and reader alike such that the real hook of Exploring the Philosophy of Death and Dying is not the topic but philosophy itself."
    Review in Teaching Philosophy by Susan Mills (MacEwan University)

    "The areas of death, immortality, meaning in life, and related issues are hot topics in contemporary philosophy. Once the domain only of European philosophers, especially the existentialists, in the last few decades Anglo-American analytic philosophers have jumped in. This book is an excellent introduction to the best work on these interrelated issues. The editors have done an outstanding job of selecting authors who know their stuff and write very accessibly. This book would be perfect for an undergraduate class, and it would also be invaluable to anyone interested in learning the lay of the philosophical land in this lively area of historical and contemporary interest. The book shows how philosophy engages with issues of deep human interest."
    John Martin Fischer, Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, University of California, Riverside

    "This splendid collection is distinctive in many ways. The essays address issues that really matter to us, such as whether it is bad to die, and if so, why, whether we might survive death, and whether the inevitability of death undermines meaning in our lives. Although most of the essays were written by contemporary philosophers for this collection, there are also judicious selections from classic writings in the history of philosophy, including works by ancient Greek and Roman philosophers and works from Eastern traditions as well. Those who are haunted in one way or another by the specter of death, as most of us are, will find much careful argument, as well as some genuine wisdom in these pages."
    Jeff McMahan, White’s Professor of Moral Philosophy, University of Oxford