1st Edition

Exploring the Philosophy of Death and Dying
Classical and Contemporary Perspectives





ISBN 9781138393585
Published December 31, 2020 by Routledge
288 Pages

USD $49.95

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Book Description

Exploring the Philosophy of Death and Dying: Classical and Contemporary Perspectives is the first book to offer students the full breadth of philosophical issues that are raised by the end of life. Included are many of the essential voices that have contributed to the philosophy of death and dying throughout history and in contemporary research. The 38 chapters in its nine sections contain classic texts (by authors such as Epicurus, Hume, Nietzsche, and Schopenhauer) and new short argumentative essays, specially commissioned for this volume, by world-leading contemporary experts.

Exploring the Philosophy of Death and Dying introduces students to both theoretical issues (whether we can survive death, whether death is truly bad for us, whether immortality would be desirable, etc.) and urgent practical issues (the ethics of suicide, the value of grief, the appropriate medical criteria for declaring death, etc.) raised by human mortality, enabling instructors to adapt it to a wide array of institutions and student audiences.

As a pedagogical benefit, PowerPoints, discussion questions, and test questions for each chapter are included as online ancillary materials.

Table of Contents

PART I When Do We Die?

1 Defining Death: A Report on the Medical, Legal and Ethical Issues in the Determination of Death (Excerpt)

President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems In Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research

2 Defining Death in a Technological World: Why Brain Death Is Death

John P. Lizza

3 We Die When Entropy Overwhelms Homeostasis

Michael Nair-Collins

4 What It Is to Die

Cody Gilmore

PART II Can We Survive Our Death?

5 The Tragic Sense of Life (Excerpts)

Miguel de Unamuno

6 Can We Survive Our Deaths?

Stephen Cave

7 The Possibility of an Afterlife

David Hershenov and Rose Hershenov

PART III Can Death Be Good or Bad for Us? If So, When Is It Good or Bad for Us?

8 Letter to Menoeceus

Epicurus

9 Two Arguments for Epicureanism

Jens Johansson

10 Why Death Is Not Bad for the One Who Dies

James Stacey Taylor

11 Death Is Bad for Us When We’re Dead

Neil Feit

12 Making Death Not Quite as Bad for the One Who Dies

Kirsten Egerstrom

PART IV Can Lucretius’ Asymmetry Problem Be Solved?

13 On the Nature of Things (Excerpts)

Lucretius

14 If You Want to Die Later, Then Why Don’t You Want to Have Been Born Earlier?

Travis Timmerman

15 Coming Into and Going Out of Existence

Frederik Kaufman

PART V Would Immortality Be Good for Us?

16 The Epic of Gilgamesh (Excerpts)

17 The Story of the Man Who Did Not Wish to Die

Yei Theodora Ozaki

18 How to Live a Never-Ending Novela (Or, Why Immortality Needn’t Undermine Identity

Benjamin Mitchell-Yellin

19 Taking Stock of the Risks of Life without Death

August Gorman

20 Immortality, Boredom, and Standing for Something

David Beglin

PART VI What Is the Best Attitude to Take Toward Our Mortality?

21 Death, Mortality, and Meaning

Todd May

22 Fitting Attitudes Towards Deprivations

Ben Bradley

23 The Enchiridion (Excerpts)

Epictetus

24 Setting the Wheel of Dhamma in Motion (Excerpts)

25 Voluntary Death

Friedrich Nietzsche

PART VII How Should We React to the Deaths of Others?

26 Letter to Lucilius

Lucius Annaeus Seneca

27 Why Grieve?

Michael Cholbi

28 The Significance of Future Generations

Roman Altshuler

29 Death and Survival Online

Patrick Stokes

PART VIII Is Suicide Rationally or Morally Defensible?

30 Whether One Is Allowed to Kill Oneself

St Thomas Aquinas

31 Of Suicide (Excerpts)

David Hume

32 Suicide is Sometimes Rational and Morally Defensible

David Benatar

33 Suicide and Its Discontents

Philip Reed

34 An Irrational Suicide?

Jukka Varelius

PART IX How Does Death Affect the Meaningfulness of Our Lives?

35 World as Will and Representation (Excerpts)

Arthur Schopenhauer

36 Death in Mind: Life, Meaning, and Mortality

Kathy Behrendt

37 Meaning in Life in Spite of Death

Thaddeus Metz

38 Out of the Blue into the Black: Reflections on Death and Meaning

Michael Hauskeller

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Editor(s)

Biography

Michael Cholbi is Chair in Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh and the founder of the International Association for the Philosophy of Death and Dying. His publications include Suicide: The Philosophical Dimensions (2011), Immortality and the Philosophy of Death (2015), and Grief: A Philosophical Guide (2021).

Travis Timmerman is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Seton Hall University and executive committee member of the International Association for the Philosophy of Death and Dying. He specializes in the philosophy of death, normative ethics, and applied ethics. He has been the recipient of a National Endowment of the Humanities grant and co-recipient of an Immortality Project grant for his work in ethics and death respectively.

Reviews

"The areas of death, immortality, meaning in life, and related issues are hot topics in contemporary philosophy. Once the domain only of European philosophers, especially the existentialists, in the last few decades Anglo-American analytic philosophers have jumped in. This book is an excellent introduction to the best work on these interrelated issues. The editors have done an outstanding job of selecting authors who know their stuff and write very accessibly. This book would be perfect for an undergraduate class, and it would also be invaluable to anyone interested in learning the lay of the philosophical land in this lively area of historical and contemporary interest. The book shows how philosophy engages with issues of deep human interest."
John Martin Fischer, Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, University of California, Riverside

"This splendid collection is distinctive in many ways. The essays address issues that really matter to us, such as whether it is bad to die, and if so, why, whether we might survive death, and whether the inevitability of death undermines meaning in our lives. Although most of the essays were written by contemporary philosophers for this collection, there are also judicious selections from classic writings in the history of philosophy, including works by ancient Greek and Roman philosophers and works from Eastern traditions as well. Those who are haunted in one way or another by the specter of death, as most of us are, will find much careful argument, as well as some genuine wisdom in these pages."
Jeff McMahan, White’s Professor of Moral Philosophy, University of Oxford