Extractive Industries and Changing State Dynamics in Africa
Beyond the Resource Curse
This book uses extractive industry projects in Africa to explore how political authority and the nation-state are reconfigured at the intersection of national political contestations and global, transnational capital. Instead of focusing on technological zones and the new social assemblages at the actual sites of construction or mineral extraction, the authors use extractive industry projects as a topical lens to investigate contemporary processes of state-making at the state–corporation nexus.
Throughout the book, the authors seek to understand how public political actors and private actors of liberal capitalism negotiate and redefine notions and practices of sovereignty by setting legal, regulatory and fiscal standards. Rather than looking at resource governance from a normative perspective, the authors look at how these negotiations are shaped by and reshape the self-conception of various national and transnational actors, and how these jointly redefine the role of the state in managing these processes for the ‘greater good’. Extractive Industries and Changing State Dynamics in Africa will be useful for researchers, upper-level students and policy-makers who are interested in new articulations of state-making and politics in Africa.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Boom and Bust: Extractive Industries and African States in the Twenty-first Century Jon Schubert, Ulf Engel and Elísio Macamo 1. Africa’s Re-Enchantment with Big Infrastructure: White Elephants Dancing in Virtuous Circles? Paul Nugent 2. Port Geographies: Africa’s Infrastructure Boom and the Reconfiguration of Power and Authority Jana Hönke 3. The ‘Blue Economy’ and Operation Phakisa: Prospects for an Emerging Developmental State in South Africa? Ulf Engel 4. The Dynamics and Processes Involved in the Emergence of Participatory Mining Codes in Cameroon Erika Tchatchouang 5. The Politics of LNG: Local State Power and Contested Demands for Land Acquisitions in Palma, Mozambique Padil Salimo 6. A radical mineral policy with retribalisation? Mining and Politics of Difference in Rural South Africa Sonwabile Mnwana 7. The Local State in a New Mining Area in Zambia’s Northwestern Province Rita Kesselring 8. Political Legacies in Ghana’s Petroleum Industry Monica Skaten Conclusion: The Political Ecology of the State Elísio Macamo, Jon Schubert and Ulf Engel
Jon Schubert is a Leverhulme Early Career Fellow at the Anthropology Department at Brunel University London, UK, and the author of Working the System: A Political Ethnography of the New Angola
Ulf Engel is Professor of Politics in Africa at Leipzig University, Germany, Professor Extraordinary in the Department of Political Science at Stellenbosch University, South Africa, and a visiting professor at the Institute for Peace and Security Studies at Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
Elísio Macamo is Professor of African Studies, Director of the Centre for African Studies and Head of the Social Sciences Department at the University of Basel, Switzerland
"By focussing on the processual rather than the categorical Extractive Industries and Changing State Dynamics in Africa destabilises the narratives that have dominated thinking in policy and academic circles on the nature of Africa’s extractive industry and its interactions and role with the state. It makes an important and compelling case for looking to the negotiated, contested and contingent nature of the state, and the extractive sector." — Patience Mususa, The Nordic Africa Institute, Sweden
"Africa’s historic dependency on primary commodities is once again in focus as prices have tailed off. While the days of "Africa rising" may be over, African states continue to renegotiate their position and seek to deal with the problems and potential of natural resource endowments. The very notion of what the state is and what it should do is continually discussed and reformed, ever more so under current conditions. Under pressure from both domestic and external constituencies, the evolving functions, competences and power of the state continues to evolve – processes that are ably captured in this important volume." — Ian Taylor, Professor in International Relations and African Political Economy at the University of St Andrews, UK, and Chair Professor in the School of International Studies, Renmin University of China
"In recent years there has been a burgeoning literature on the role of extractive industries in African economies. But there are few critical analyses that probe how these industries affect state formation, particularly the relations between elites and masses. Going beyond the popular conceptions of the state in Africa, this book provides an elegant examination of the intersection among multiple actors in the extractive industries and various African states. In addition to excellent conceptual chapters, comparative perspectives from Cameroon, Ghana, Mozambique,