1st Edition

Extreme Right Activists in Europe Through the magnifying glass

By Bert Klandermans, Nonna Mayer Copyright 2006
    328 Pages
    by Routledge

    328 Pages
    by Routledge

    Since the 1980s, one of the main political changes in Western Europe has been the electoral upsurge of extreme right-wing parties. However, while the electoral support of these movements has been studied extensively, their membership has largely been ignored. This book examines who joins the extreme right and why?

    Drawing upon extensive research and featuring contributions from distinguished social psychologists and political scientists, this book provides the most detailed comparative study yet published of the psychology of right-wing extremist activists. Countries discussed include Germany, The Netherlands, Italy, Belgium and France.



    Bert Klandermans and Nonna Mayer

    Chapter 1: Right-wing Extremism as a Social Movement

    Bert Klandermans and Nonna Mayer

    Chapter 2: Links with the Past

    Bert Klandermans and Nonna Mayer

    Chapter 3: Context, Alliances and Conflict

    Bert Klandermans and Nonna Mayer

    Chapter 4: Political Demand and Supply

    Bert Klandermans and Nonna Mayer

    Chapter 5: Writing Life Histories: Interviewing Extreme Right-wing Activists


    Chapter 6: Italy: The Offspring of Fascism

    Patrizia Milesi, Antonello Chirumbolo, and Patrizia Catellani

    Chapter 7: France: a Two Centuries Old Galaxy

    Valérie Lafont

    Chapter 8: Extreme Right-wing Activism in the Flemish Part of Belgium: Manifestation of Racism or Nationalism?

    Hans De Witte

    Chapter 9: ‘Doing it for Germany’: A Study of Die Republikaner and Junge Freiheit

    Ludger Klein and Bernd Simon

    Chapter 10: The Netherlands: Stigmatized Outsiders

    Bert Klandermans and Annette Linden

    Chapter 11: One Root, Different Branches: Identity, Injustice, and Schism

    Patrizia Catellani, Patrizia Milesi, and Alberto Crescentini

    Chapter 12: Identity in German Right-Wing Extremism: Levels, Functions, and Processes

    Ludger Klein and Bernd Simon

    Chapter 13: DO Right and Left-wing Extremists HAVE Anything in Common?

    Antonio Chirumbolo, Nonna Mayer and Hans De Witte

    Chapter 14: Through the Magnifying Glass: The World of Extreme Right Activists

    Bert Klandermans and Nonna Mayer


    Appendix I: Samples

    Appendix II: Interview Scheme

    Appendix III: Code Book


    List of Tables, Graphs and Figures

    Figure 9.1 Left-Right-Scale: Self-placement with regard to political orientation

    Figure 11.1 Levels of political identity and their salience in extreme right-wing activists’ discourse as a function of party size.

    Figure 12.1 A Typography of Right-Wing Extremist Collective Identity: The Case of the German Republikaner

    Graph 13.1

    Graph 13.2

    Graph 13.3

    Graph 13.4

    Graph 13.5

    Graph 13.6

    Table 1.1 Party and voters scores on 10 point left-right scale in 1994

    Table 4.1 Electoral and organizational strength of RWE parties

    Table 5.1 Interview scheme

    Table 5.2 Codebook Summary

    Table 7.1 Joining the FN and the MNR (in per cent)

    Table 9.1 Factors promoting the accessibility of national frames

    Table 13.1 Scores on authoritarian ethnocentrism scale by location on left right scale

    Table 13.2 Attitudes towards authority and power by location on left right scale

    Table 13.3 Levels of authoritarianism among left (LWE) and rightwing (RWE) extremists

    Table 13.4 Scores of LWE and RWE on scales of anti-system and anti-parliamentary attitudes

    Table 13.5 Law and order and need for a strong and powerful leader among LWE and RWE

    Table 13.6 Scores of LWE and RWE on scales of anti-immigration and racist attitudes

    Table 13.7 Scores of LWE and RWE on scales of nationalism and cultural pluralism

    Table 13.8 Scores [of LWE and RWE?] on economic attitudes scales

    Table 13.9 Scores of LWE and RWE on Social Value Inventory

    Table 13.10 Motives for membership of LWE and RWE

    Table 13.11 Scores of LWE and RWE on seven attitude scales

    Table 13.12 Scores of LWE and RWE on four value orientations


    Bert Klandermans