In the 10 years prior to publication the quantity of research on eye movements as they pertain to psychological processes had been increasing at a rapid rate. Originally published in 1976, the editors’ purpose was to bring together investigators representing different theoretical positions and methodological approaches to present their recent findings, to debate the theoretical points of view, and to identify and discuss the major research problems on eye movements at the time. An attempt was made to invite participants ranging all the way from promising graduate students through the established authorities in the field. The result was an intensive three-day session with meetings from early morning until late into the evening with much opportunity for formal and informal group discussion. The edited papers and transcripts of the discussions are the contents of this book.
Table of Contents
Foreword. Preface. Part 1: The Physiology of Eye Movement Control: The Vestibular, Pursuit, Saccadic, and Vergence Systems 1.1 The Vestibular System for Eye Movement Control Geoffrey Melvill Jones 1.2 The Physiology of Pursuit Eye Movements David A. Robinson 1.3 Eye Movements During Afterimage Tracking Under Sinusoidal and Random Vestibular Stimulation Syozo Yasui and Laurence R. Young 1.4 The Neurophysiology of Saccades Albert F. Fuchs 1.5 Oculomotor Control: The Vergence System Gerald Westheimer 1.6 References Part 2: The Role of Eye Movements in Vision and in the Maintenance of Vision 2. 1 Saccadic Suppression: A Brief Review Frances C. Volkmann 2.2 Saccadic Suppression of Phosphenes: Proof of a Neural Basis for Saccadic Suppression Lorrin A. Riggs 2.3 The Role of Eye Movements in Maintenance of Vision Ulker Tulunay-Keesey 2.4 Saccadic Suppression and the Stable World Ethel Matin 2.5 Role of Eye Movements in Maintaining a Phenomenally Clear and Stable World Robert M. Steinman 2.6 References Part 3: Measurement and Recording of Eye Movements 3.1 Physical Characteristics of the Eye Used in Eye-Movement Measurement Laurence R. Young 3.2 The Purkinje-Image Method of Recording Eye Position Tom N. Cornsweet 3.3 Recent Developments in High-Speed Data Processing and Unobtrusive Monitoring of the Eyes Robert H. Lambert 3.4 Ways of Recording Line of Sight Norman H. Mackworth 3.5 Pattern-Recognition Techniques for Extraction of Features of the Eye from a Conventional Television Scan David Sheena 3.6 Eye Movements: On-Line Measurement, Analysis, and Control James Anliker 3.7 References Part 4: The Relation of Eye Movements to the Perception of Motion, Position, and Timing of Visual Stimuli 4.1 Saccades and Extraretinal Signal for Vision Direction Leonard Matin 4.2 Eye Movements, Efference, and Visual Perception Harold A. Sedgwick and Leon Festinger 4.3 Extraretinal Influences on the Primate Visual System Robert H. Wurtz 4.4 Voluntary Saccades, Eye Position, and Perceived Visual Direction Jordan Pola 4.5 Saccades to Flashes Peter E. Hallett 4.6 A Psychophysical Model of Visual-Movement Perception Ronald A. Kinchla 4.7 The Nature and Role of Extraretinal Eye-Position Information in Visual Localization Alexander A. Skavenski 4.8 Pursuit Eye Movements and Visual Localization Frank Ward 4.9 References Part 5: Target Detection, Search, and Scanning Behavior 5.1 Stimulus Density Limits the Useful Field of View Norman H. Mackworth 5.2 Looking at Pictures John D. Gould 5.3 Advice to the Searcher or What Do We Tell Them? Edward Llewellyn Thomas 5.4 Speculations and Notions John W. Senders 5.5 References Part 6: The Role of Eye Movements in Reading 6.1 Buswell’s Discoveries Paul A. Kolers 6.2 Toward a Speech-Plan Eye-Movement Model of Reading Julian Hochberg 6.3 Spatial Factors in Reading and Search: The Case for Space Dennis F. Fisher 6.4 The Use of Eye-Movement Data in Determining the Perceptual Span in Reading George W. McConkie 6.5 Control of Eye Movements During Reading Ralph Norman Haber 6.6 References Part 7: Eye Movements and Higher Mental Processes 7.1 Linguistic Influences on Picture Scanning Patricia A. Carpenter and Marcel Adam Just 7.2 A Computer Implementation of Constructive Visual Imagery and Perception Arthur M. Farley 7.3 Eye Movement Fixations and Gating Processes Robert J. Hall 7.4 A Framework for a Theory of Picture Recognition Geoffrey R. Loftus 7.5 Visual Memory for Letters and Random Dot Patterns: Could Eye-Movement Data Help Us Understand It Better? Raymond S. Nickerson 7.6 Language Behind the Eye: Some Findings, Speculations, and Research Strategies Stanley F. Wanat 7.7 References. Author Index. Subject Index.