Based on four years anthropological research within prisons and Muslim communities in the UK, this book offers a unique discussion of the relationship between the experience of prison among Muslims and the formation of religious identity. Gabriele Marranci thoroughly examines Muslim religious life in prison, the work of Muslim chaplains and imams (and the overall impact that they have on Muslim prisoners), providing an analysis of the current prison policies aiming to prevent radicalisation, and discusses the counterproductive results of an increasing young Muslim presence in prisons, as well as the reaction of the Muslim communities to this increase. Marranci suggests that the prison environment, and increasing restrictions therein, are linked to the fear of radicalization, and are facilitating identity processes in which Islam turns into an ideology. This important study goes on to make a thorough examination of the lives of former Muslim prisoners, showing how they are particularly vulnerable to extremists' recruitment, and explaining the dynamics which have led, in certain cases, to their recommitting offences, or embarking on a path of radicalization.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2. Muslims, Islam and Crime3. Excluded and Borderline Lives: Crime and Existential Fear 4. Bars, Fluorescent Lights and Alienation: ‘The Torment of the Grave' 5. Rediscovering Islam in Prison: between Wonder and Cognitive Opening 6. The Shahadah of Freedom: from Doctrinal to Imagistic modes of Islam7. From Caged Bodies to Caged Souls: the dystopian experience of leaving prison 8. Conclusion