Faith, War, and Violence analyzes the age-old links between religion and violence perpetrated in the name of God, and the role religion performs in politically infusing the state with romantic spiritualism. The volume examines instances of this phenomenon from ancient Rome to the modern day; it finds that religion-inspired violence is not restricted to Abrahamic faiths or to one geographic region.
The fact that symbolically charged religious violence has destructive consequences is not lost on contributors to Faith, War, and Violence. Among the subjects tackled are: the ideological and religious foundations that inspired the founders of Al-Qaeda and its role in the Arab Spring; the long history of religious conflict in Ireland known as the Troubles; Sikh extremism; and the evolution of the Christian approach to war.
As the contributors demonstrate, in Western societies, the unity of religious fervor and warmongering stretches from Constantine's incorporation of Christian symbols into Roman army flags to slogans like Gott mit uns (God is with us), which appeared on the belt buckles of German soldiers in World War I. In recent years, George W. Bush declared the war on terror a "crusade," and his speechwriter, David Frum, coined the religiously inspired term "Axis of Evil," to describe Iraq and other countries opposing the United States.
Table of Contents
Gabriel R. Ricci
1.'Abdullah'Azzm—The Ideology behind Al-Q'ida
2. The Arab Spring and the Religious Agenda
3. Sikhism, the Seduction of Modernism, and the Question of Violence
Nicholas F. Gier
4. The Catholic Church, Violence, and the Nationalist Struggles in Ireland, 1798–1998
Oliver Rafferty, SJ
5. Responsibility and Limitation: The Early Christian Church and War
6. The Medieval Papacy and Holy War: General Crusading Letters and Papal Authority, 1145–1213
7. "Generosity . . . in the Slavery of This Brave Cavalier": Sanctity Honor and Religious Violence in the French Mediterranean
8. Deferral of War: The Religious Sign System of Ritual Violence
Christopher S. Morrissey
9. Martyrs of Liberty: Open-Air Preaching and Popular Violence in Victorian Britain and Ireland
10. Moral Injury: A Case Study in the Intersection of Religion and Violence
Kathryn McClymond and Anthony F. Lemieux
11. Marshall McLuhan and the Machiavellian Use of Religious Violence
Grant N. Havers
12. The Trenches of Capernaum, 1914–1918