The libertarian philosophy of freedom is characterized by two fundamental beliefs: the right to be left alone and the duty to leave others alone. Psychiatric practice routinely violates both of these beliefs. It is based on the notion that self-ownership—exemplified by suicide—is a not an inherent right, but a privilege subject to the review of psychiatrists as representatives of society. In Faith in Freedom, Thomas Szasz raises fundamental questions about psychiatric practices that inhibit an individual's right to freedom.
His questions are fundamental. Is suicide an exercise of rightful self-ownership or a manifestation of mental disorder? Does involuntary confinement under psychiatric auspices constitute unjust imprisonment, or is it therapeutically justified hospitalization? Should forced psychiatric drugging be interpreted as assault and battery on the person or is it medical treatment?
The ethical standards of psychiatric practice mandate that psychiatrists employ coercion. Forgoing such "intervention" is considered a dereliction of the psychiatrists' "duty to protect." How should friends of freedom—especially libertarians—deal with the conflict between elementary libertarian principles and prevailing psychiatric practices? In Faith in Freedom, Thomas Szasz addresses this question more directly and more profoundly than in any of his previous works.
Introduction: Liberty from Psychiatry
I. Principles: Why Libertarianism and Psychiatry are Incompatible
1. Responsibility: The Moral Foundation of Liberty
2. The Libertarian Credo and the Ideology of Psychiatry
3. Economics and Psychiatry: Twin Scientisms
4. Economocracy and Pharmacracy: Twin Systems of Social Control
II. Profiles: Where Some Famous Libertarians Went Wrong
A. Civil Libertarians
5. John Stuart Mill
6. Bertrand Russell
7. The American Civil Liberties Union
B. Objectivist Libertarians
8. Ayn Rand
9. Nathaniel Branden
10. Ludwig von Mises
11. Friedrich von Hayek
12. Murray N. Rothbard
13. Robert Nozick
14. Julian Simon
15. Deirdre N. McCloskey