False-memory Creation in Children and Adults
Theory, Research, and Implications
As one of the most hotly debated topics of the past decade, false memory has attracted the interest of researchers and practitioners in many of psychology's subdisciplines. Real-world issues surrounding the credibility of memories (particularly memories of traumatic events, such as sexual abuse) reported by both children and adults have been at the center of this debate. Were the adults actually retrieving repressed memories under the careful direction of psychotherapists, or were the memories being "created" by repeated suggestion? Were children telling investigators about events that actually happened, or were the interviewing techniques used to get at unpleasant experiences serving to implant memories that eventually became their own? There is evidence in the psychological research literature to support both sides, and the potential impact on individuals, families, and society as a whole has been profound.
This book is an attempt to cut through the undergrowth and get at the truth of the "recovered memory/false-memory creation" puzzle. The contributors review seminal work from their own research programs and provide theory and critical evaluation of existing research that is necessary to translate theory into practice. The book will be of great value to basic and applied memory researchers, clinical and social psychologists, and other professionals working within the helping and legal professions.
Table of Contents
Contents: Preface. R.D. Brown, E. Goldstein, D.F. Bjorklund, The History and Zeitgeist of the Repressed-False-Memory Debate: Scientific and Sociological Perspectives on Suggestibility and Childhood Memory. A. Tsai, E. Loftus, D. Polage, Current Directions in False-Memory Research. M.A. Oakes, I.E. Hyman, Jr., The Changing Face of Memory and Self. K. Pezdek, J. Taylor, Discriminating Between Accounts of True and False Events. C.J. Brainerd, V.F. Reyna, D.A. Poole, Fuzzy-Trace Theory and False Memory: Memory Theory in the Courtroom. D.L. Schacter, K.A. Norman, W. Koutstaal, The Cognitive Neuroscience of Constructive Memory. S.J. Ceci, M. Bruck, D.B. Battin, The Suggestibility of Children's Testimony. P.A. Ornstein, A.F. Greenhoot, Remembering the Distant Past: Implications of Research on Children's Memory for the Recovered Memory Debate.
David F. Bjorklund
"...the papers are...scholarly and likely to be useful to students of memory."
—Journal of Mathematical Psychology
"...I highly recommend this volume to anyone interested in false memories. Such a compendium brings together the main body of work in this field and makes for an excellent reader in an upper-level undergraduate course. Also, it is a useful resource for any researcher who is interested in the topic of false memories."
—American Journal of Psychology