This study argues against vague interpretations of fantasy as mere escapism and seeks to define it as a distinct kind of narrative. A general theoretical section introduces recent work on fantasy, notably Tzventan Todorov's The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre (1973). Dr Jackson, however, extends Todorov's ideas to include aspects of psychoanalytical theory. Seeing fantasy as primarily an expression of unconscious drives, she stresses the importance of the writings of Freud and subsequent theorists when analysing recurrent themes, such as doubling or multiplying selves, mirror images, metamorphosis and bodily disintegration.^l Gothic fiction, classic Victorian fantasies, the 'fantastic realism' of Dickens and Dostoevsky, tales by Mary Shelley, James Hogg, E.T.A. Hoffmann, George Eliot, Henry James, Joseph Conrad, R.L. Stevenson, Franz Kafka, Mervyn Peake and Thomas Pynchon are among the texts covered. Through a reading of these frequently disquieting works, Dr Jackson moves towards a definition of fantasy expressing cultural unease. These issues are discussed in relation to a wide range of fantasies with varying images of desire and disenchantment.
Table of Contents
1 INTRODUCTION, Part One: Theory, 2 THE FANTASTIC AS A MODE, The imagination in exile, The ‘real’ under scrutiny, The marvellous, mimetic and fantastic, Non-signification, Topography, themes, myths, 3 PSYCHOANALYTICAL PERSPECTIVES, The uncanny, Metamorphosis and entropy, Disintegrated bodies, Part Two: Texts 4 GOTHIC TALES AND NOVELS 5 FANTASTIC REALISM 6 VICTORIAN FANTASIES 7 FROM KAFKA’S ‘METAMORPHOSIS’ TO PYNCHON’S ‘ENTROPY’ 8 AFTERWORD: THE ‘UNSEEN’ OF CULTURE
Dr Rosemary Jackson (Author)
`Dr Jackson has written a wide-ranging and frequently stimulating introduction to the subject of 'fantasy in modern literature.' - Times Literary Supplement