This book explores similarities between past and contemporary fascism and seeks to explain in what circumstances fascism develops, to whom it is attractive, and what its reemergence signifies. The book is the first attempt to link fascist ideology and practice in Europe to that in the Third World.
Part I 1. General Considerations on the Subject of Fascism 2. Italy before Fascism 3. The Ideology of Fascism 4. The Mussolini Regime 5. European Variants: Spain 6. European Variants: Eastern Europe Part II 7. Modernization: The Challenge 8. Militarism: The Response 9. Communism and Modernization 10. Japan: An Asian Road to Fascism 11. Argentina: Proletarian Fascism 12. Ghana: An African Variant 13. Egypt: The Army and the Radical Revolution 14. Brazil: The Army and the Conservative Revolution 15. Peru: The Army and the Moderate Revolution 16. Conclusions