This book, first published in 1973, sets out to clear away many of the confused ideas and misconceptions concerning the origins and nature of fascism. The first section deals with the intellectual origins of fascism and examines the constituent strands and development of fascist theory, including discussion of such topics as the myth of race, the idea of the elite and the leader, nationalism, and the influence of militarism. The book then goes on to look at fascism in action, particularly in relation to economic affairs. The author here examines the process by which the fascists came to power in Germany and Italy, investigating both the political and social causes. A third section contains discussion of the nature of more recent regimes in Greece, Latin America and Africa.
Part 1. The Intellectual Origins of Fascism and the Development of Fascist Theory 1. Some General Comments 2. The Myth of Race 3. The Idea of the Elite and the Leader 4. The Concept of the Totalitarian State 5. Fascism and Nationalism 6. Fascism and Socialism 7. The Influence of Militarism 8. The Fascist Interpretation of Economics 9. The Concepts of Morality and Might in International Affairs 10. A Postscript Part 2. The Political Development and Practice of Fascism in Germany and Italy 11. The Nazi Appeal to Germany 12. Mussolini and the Fascist Prototype 13. Fascism, Class and Social Change 14. The Incapacity of Political Orthodoxy Part 3. The Possibility of Fascism in Greece, Latin America and Africa 15. Greece under Metaxas and the Colonels 16. Vargas, Peron and Some Signposts for the Future 17. Africa: Some Contemporary Political Trends