Federal Narcotics Laws and the War on Drugs : Money Down a Rat Hole book cover
1st Edition

Federal Narcotics Laws and the War on Drugs
Money Down a Rat Hole

ISBN 9780789028082
Published April 13, 2006 by Routledge
200 Pages

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Book Description

We’re losing the “war on drugs”—but the fight isn’t over yet

Federal Narcotics Laws and the War on Drugs examines our current anti-drug programs and policies, explains why they have failed, and presents a plan to fix them. Author Thomas C. Rowe, who has been educating college students on recreational drug use for nearly 30 years, exposes the truth about anti-drug programs he believes were conceived in ignorance of the drugs themselves and motivated by racial/cultural bias. This powerful book advocates a shift in federal spending to move funds away from the failed elements of the “war on drugs” toward policies with a more realistic chance to succeed—the drug courts, education, and effective treatment.

Common myths and misconceptions about drugs have produced anti-drug programs that don’t work, won’t work, and waste millions of dollars. Federal Narcotics Laws and the War on Drugs looks at how—and why—this has happened and what can be done to correct it. The book is divided into “How did we get into this mess?” which details the history of anti-narcotic legislation, how drug agencies evolved, and the role played by Harry Anslinger, Commissioner of the United States Bureau of Narcotics from 1930 to 1962; “What works and what doesn’t work,” which looks at the failure of interdiction efforts and the negative consequences that have resulted with a particular focus on the problems of prisons balanced against the drug court system; and a third section that serves as an overview of various recreational drugs, considers arguments for and against drug legalization, and offers suggestions for more effective methods than our current system allows.

Federal Narcotics Laws and the War on Drugs also examines:

  • the creation of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics
  • current regulations and structures
  • current federal sentencing guidelines
  • current state of the courts and the prison system
  • mandatory sentencing and what judges think
  • interdiction for heroin, cocaine and crack cocaine, and marijuana
  • early education efforts
  • the DARE program
  • drug use trends
  • drug treatment models
  • the debate over legalization
Federal Narcotics Laws and the War on Drugs also includes several appendices of federal budget figures, cocaine and heroin purity and price, and federal bureau of prisons statistics. This unique book is required reading for anyone concerned about the drug problem in the United States and what is—and isn’t—being done to correct it.

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1. Narcotics and Narcotic Regulations to 1937
  • The History of Opiates
  • The Harrison Narcotics Act
  • The Porter Amendment
  • Creation of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics and Appointment of Harry J. Anslinger
  • Chapter 2. Narcotics and Narcotic Regulations from 1937
  • Opium Poppy Control Act
  • The Boggs Act
  • Narcotic Control Act of 1956
  • Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act of 1966
  • Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970
  • Comprehensive Drug Penalty Act of 1984
  • Controlled Substance Analog Act of 1986
  • Anti-Drug Abuse Acts of 1986 and 1988
  • Current Federal Sentencing Guidelines
  • What Do Judges Think?
  • Chapter 3. Agencies of Enforcement
  • Anslinger in Charge
  • The Post-Anslinger Era
  • Current Regulations and Structure
  • Chapter 4. Interdiction As a Strategy
  • Heroin Interdiction
  • Interdiction at the Source
  • The Failure of Success
  • The Failure of Success II: Intended Consequences
  • Interdiction at the User Level
  • Interdiction for Cocaine and Crack Cocaine
  • Marijuana Interdiction
  • Final Costs of Interdiction
  • Chapter 5. Failures of Incarceration
  • Current State of Prisons
  • Current State of the Courts
  • The Criminal Mind-Set
  • Problems with Mandatory Sentencing Guidelines
  • The States Respond: The Emergence of Drug Courts
  • Chapter 6. What Works: Part I—Education
  • Early Efforts
  • The DARE Program
  • Other School Initiatives
  • Public Education
  • Drug-Use Trends
  • Chapter 7. What Works: Part II—Drug Treatment
  • The Federal Narcotics Farms Experience
  • Drug-Substitution Models
  • Medical Treatment Models
  • The Residential Treatment Program in Federal Prisons
  • Other General Treatment Considerations and Therapies
  • The Value of Treatment
  • Chapter 8. The Legalization Debate
  • Drug-Damage Characteristics
  • Health Issues
  • The “Levels of Use” Argument
  • Myth and Countermyth: Three Bogus Arguments
  • Harm Reduction
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 9. Recommendations
  • Recommendation 1: Restructure Priorities
  • Recommendation 2: Stop Mixing Apples and Oranges
  • Recommendation 3: Stop Wasting Money
  • Recommendation 4: Expand Education
  • Recommendation 5: Fully Fund Treatment
  • Recommendation 6: Implement Drug Courts at the Federal Level and Eliminate Mandatory Sentencing Guidelines
  • Conclusion
  • Appendix I
  • Appendix II
  • Appendix III
  • Appendix IV
  • Appendix V
  • Bibliography
  • Index
  • Reference Notes Included

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