1st Edition

Feeding and Digestive Functions in Fishes

Edited By J E P Cyrino Copyright 2008
    589 Pages
    by CRC Press

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    Understanding the biology of the innumerable number of aquatic species on our planet is the focus of sustained research efforts. Environmental degradation, management or rehabilitation of wild stocks, and the forecasted climatic changes are fueling interest in the study of the ecology, feeding behavior, and nutrition of aquatic animals in their natural habitat. In parallel, the rapid expansion of aquaculture in many parts of the world has supported vigorous research programs on nutrition, and feeding of cultivated aquatic organisms. More than 250 aquatic species are cultivated on a commercial scale using a wide variety of production systems. This great diversity results in great opportunities and tremendous challenges. Topics covered in this book are as diverse as, feeding ecology of fish in their natural habitat, feeding behavior, digestive anatomy, biochemistry and physiology of different fish species at different life stages, the impact of diet on gastro-intestinal development and health, nutrition and disease resistance, and modeling conversion of food or feed inputs into biomass.

    Preface
    List of Contributors
    1. Feeding Ecology of Fishes in the Brazilian Amazon -
    A Naturalistic Approach
    Jansen Zuanon and Efrem Ferreira
    2. Environmental Changes, Habitat Modifications and
    Feeding Ecology of Freshwater Fish
    Norma Segatti Hahn and Rosemara Fug
    3. Feeding Activity in Teleost Fish: Influence of Biotic and
    Abiotic Factors
    Ann L. Gannam
    4. Classical and Modern Concepts in Fish Digestion
    Victoria V. Kuz'mina
    5. Temperature Adaptation of Digestive Enzymes in Fish
    Alexander Gelman, Victoria Kuz'mina, Vladimir Drabkin
    and Larisa Glatman
    6. Diets, Physiology, Biochemistry and Digestive Tract
    Development of Freshwater Fish Larvae
    Maria Célia Portella and Konrad Dabrowski
    7. Ontogeny and Physiology of the Digestive System of
    Marine Fish Larvae
    José Luiz Zambonino Infante, Enric Gisbert, Carmen Sarasquete,
    Isabel Navarro, Joachim Gutiérrez and Chantal L. Cahu
    8. Tracer Studies in Fish Larvae
    Luís E.C. Conceiçã o, Sofia Morais, Maria Teresa Dinis
    and Ivar Rø nnestad
    9. An Overview of the Feeding Ecology and Physiology of
    Elasmobranch Fishes
    Enric Corté s, Yannis P. Papastamatiou, John K. Carlson,
    Lara Ferry-Graham and Bradley M. Wetherbee
    10. Alternative Protein Sources and Digestive Function
    Alterations in Teleost Fishes
    Anne Marie Bakke-McKellep and Ståle Refstie
    11. Nutrition and Disease Resistance in Fish
    Chhorn Lim, Mediha Yildirim-Aksoy and Phillip H. Klesius
    12. Efficiency of Conversion of Feed Inputs into Animal
    Biomass: The Usefulness of Bioenergetics Models and
    Need for a Transition to Nutrient-flow Models
    Dominique P Bureau, Katheline Hua and Paula A. Azevedo
    Index
    Color Plate Section

    Biography

    Cyrino, J E P