1st Edition

Feminist International Relations

    2232 Pages
    by Routledge

    Feminist International Relations is a new title in the Routledge Major Works series, Critical Concepts in International Relations. Edited by Christine Sylvester, a leading scholar in the field, it is a five-volume collection which brings together the best and most influential cutting-edge and canonical feminist IR scholarship.

    Feminist International Relations can be seen as a project by feminists to influence international relations—both as a set of practices (e.g. war, diplomacy, terrorism, aid, and trade) and as a set of theories (such as realism, liberal institutionalism, and constructivism). Adopting a combined thematic and chronological structure, the collection brings together the work of indisputable luminaries in this project, as well as vital research from new generations of scholars.

    Volumes I and II (‘Muses’) cover the years before 1985 and collects key works that influenced early feminist IR thinking. Work from women’s studies, philosophy, history, sociology, and the history of science is included here. Volume III (‘1985–96’) brings together the most important earliest recognizably feminist IR writings from that period. The fourth volume in the collection (‘Wider Influences’) gathers the best of newer writings from cognate fields and from the rise of cultural theory, postcolonial studies, and gay and lesbian studies. The final volume (‘1997–2009’) focuses on scholarship produced from the mid-1990s to the present day, material that is characterized by a broadening of themes, geographical interests, and theories.

    With comprehensive introductions to each volume, newly written by the editor, which place the collected material in its historical and intellectual context, Feminist International Relations is an essential collection destined to be valued by scholars and students of IR—and those working in cognate disciplines—as a vital research resource.


    Volume I: Muses - Part 1

    1. Arendt, Hannah, On Violence (New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1969), pp. 3-31.

    2. Boserup, Ester, ‘Women in a Men’s World, in Women’s Role in Economic Development (Aldershot: Gower, 1970), pp. 85-105.

    3. Boulding, Elise, The Coming of the Gentle Society’, in Women in the Twentieth Century World (New York: Wiley, 1977), pp. 221-244.

    4. Chodorow, Nancy, ‘Why Women Mother’, in The Reproduction of Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978), pp. 11-39.

    5. Daly, Mary, ‘The Metaphorical Journey of Exorcism and Ecstasy’, in Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism (Boston: Beacon Press, 1987), "Introduction: The Metapatriarchal Journey of Exorcism and Ecstasy," pp. 1-34.

    6. de Beauvoir, Simone, The Second Sex, trans. H.M. Parshley (New York: Vintage Books, 1952), Chapter 9: "Dreams, Fears, Idols."

    7. Eisenstein, Zillah, Placing Liberal Feminism in the Dialectic’, The Radical Future of Liberal Feminism, (New York & London, Longman, 1979), pp. 3-13.

    8. Elshtain, Jean Bethke, ‘Politics Discovered and Celebrated: Plato and the Aristotelian Moment’, in Public Man, Private Woman: Women in Social and Political Thought (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981), chapter one: 19-54.

    9. Enloe, Cynthia, ‘The Military Needs Camp Followers’, in Does Khaki Become You? (Boston: South End Press, 1983), pp. 1-17.

    10. Flax, Jane, ‘Postmodernism and Gender Relations in Feminist Theory’, Signs: Journal of Women and Culture in Society, 12, 4, 1987, 621-643.

    11. Gilligan, Carol, ‘Woman’s Place in Man’s Life Cycle’, in In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women’s Development (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1982), pp. 5-23.

    Volume II: Muses - Part II

    12. Haraway, Donna, ‘A Manifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology, and Socialist Feminism in the 1980s’, Socialist Review, 15, 2, 1985, 65-108.

    13. Harding, Sandra, ‘From the Woman Question in Science to the Science Question in Feminism’, in The Science Question in Feminism (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1986), pp. 15-29.

    14. Hartsock, Nancy, "The Feminist Standpoint: Developing the Ground for Specifically Feminist Historical Materialism," in Sandra Harding and Merrill Hitikka, eds., Discovering Reality: Feminist Perspectives on Epistemology, Metaphysics, Methodology and Philosophy of Science (Dordrecht: D. Reidel, 1983), pp. 283-310.

    15. Irigaray, Luce, ‘This Sex which is not One’, This Sex Which Is Not One (New York: Cornell University Press, 1985), pp. 23-33.

    16. Mies, Maria, ‘Colonization and Housewifization’, in Patriarchy and Accumulation on a World Scale: Women in the International Division of Labour (London: Zed Books, 1986), pp. 74-111.

    17. Mohanty, Chandra, ‘Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses’, Feminist Review, 30, 1988, 61-88.

    18. Pateman, Carole, ‘Contract, the Individual and Slavery’, in The Sexual Contract (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1988), pp. 39-76.

    19. Reardon, Betty, ‘Introduction’, Sexism and the War System (New York: Teacher’s College, Columbia University, 1985), pp. 1-9

    20. Ruddick, Sara, ‘Pacifying the Forces: Drafting Women in the Interests of Peace’, Signs: Journal of Women in Society and Culture, 8, 3, 1983, 471-489.

    21. Shiva, Vandana, ‘Development, Ecology and Women’, Staying Alive: Women, Ecology, and Development (London Zed Books, 1989), pp. 1-13.

    22. Spivak, Gayatri, "Can the Subaltern Speak?" in Cary Nelson and Lawrence Grossberg, eds. Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988): 271-313.

    Volume III: 1985–96

    23. Cohn, Carol, ‘Sex and Death in the Rational World of Defense Intellectuals’, Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 1987, 12, 4, 687–718.

    24. Elshtain, Jean Bethke , ‘Not a Soldier’s Tale’, Women and War (Free Press, 1987), pp. 14–43.

    25. Enloe, Cynthia , Bananas, Bases, and Beaches: Making Feminist Sense of International Relations (Pandora Press, 1989), pp. 1–18.

    26. Cynthia Enloe, ‘Margins, Silences and Bottom Rungs: How to Overcome the Underestimation of Power in the Study of International Relations’, in Steve Smith, Ken Booth, and Marysia Zalewski (eds.), International Theory: Beyond Positivism (Cambridge University Press, 1996), pp. 186–202.

    27. Rebecca Grant, ‘The Sources of Gender Bias in International Relations Theory’, in Rebecca Grant and Kathleen Newland (eds.), Gender and International Relations (Indiana University Press, 1991), pp. 8–26.

    28. Jane Jaquette, ‘Women and Modernization Theory: A Decade of Feminist Criticism’, World Politics, 1982, 34, 2, 267–84.

    29. Marianne Marchand and Jane Parpart, ‘Exploding the Canon: An Introduction/Conclusion’, in Marchand and Parpart (eds.), Feminism/Postmodernism/Development (Routledge, 1995), pp. 1–22.

    30. V. Spike Peterson, Gendered States (Lynne Rienner, 1992), pp. 31–64.

    31. Jan Jindy Pettman, Worlding Women: A Feminist International Politics (Routledge, 1996), pp. 3–24.

    32. Anne Sisson Runyan and V. Spike Peterson, ‘The Radical Future of Realism: Feminist Subversion of International Relations Theory’, Alternatives, 1991, 16, 67–106.

    33. Judith Stiehm (ed.), Women’s and Men’s Wars (Pergamon Press, 1984), ch. 1.

    34. Christine Sylvester, ‘The Emperors’ Theories and Transformations: Looking at the Field Through Feminist Lenses’, in Dennis Pirages and Christine Sylvester (eds.), Transformations in the Global Political Economy (Macmillan, 1990).

    35. Christine Sylvester, ‘Empathetic Cooperation: A Feminist Method for IR’, Millennium, 1994, 23, 3, 315–34.

    36. Ann Tickner, ‘Hans Morgenthau’s Principles of Political Realism: A Feminist Reformulation’, Millennium, 1988, 17, 3, 429–40.

    37. Anne Tickner, ‘Man, the State, and War: Gendered Perspectives on National Security’, Gender in International Relations: Feminist Perspectives on Achieving Global Security (Columbia University Press, 1992), pp. 27–66.

    38. Cindy Weber, ‘Good Girls, Bad Girls, and Little Girls: Male Paranoia in Robert Keohane’s Critique of Feminist International Relations’, Millennium, 1994, 23, 2, 337–49.

    39. Sandra Whitworth, Feminism and International Relations: Towards a Political Economy of Gender in Interstate and Non-governmental Institutions (Macmillan, 1994), pp. 1–38.

    40. Marysia Zalewski, ‘"All These Theories Yet the Bodies Keep Piling Up": Theorists, Theories and Theorizing’, in Steve Smith, Ken Booth, and Marysia Zalewski (eds.), International Relations: Positivism and Beyond (Cambridge University Press, 1996), pp. 340–53.

    Volume IV: Wider Influences

    41. Ang, Ien, ‘I’m a Feminist but…"Other" Women and Postnational Feminism’, in Barbara Caine and Rosemary Pringle (eds), Tarnsitions: New Australian Feminisms, (St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 1995), pp. 57-73.

    42. Apparadurai, Arjun, ‘Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy’, in Modernity at Large (University of Minnesota Press, 1996), pp. 27-47.

    43. Seyla Benhabib, Judith Butler, Nancy Fraser, Drucilla Cornell, 'Feminism and the Question of Postmodernism’, in Feminist Contentions (Routledge, 1995),

    pp. 203-241.

    44. Bhabha, Homi, ‘Introduction: Locations of Culture’, in Locations of Culture (Routledge, 1994), pp. 1-18.

    45. Braidotti, Rosi, ‘Images of the Void’, in Patterns of Dissonance: A Study of Women in Contemporary Philosophy (New York: Routledge, 1991): 1-15.

    46. Butler, Judith, ‘Subjects of Sex/Gneder/Desire’, Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (New York: Routledge, 1990), pp. 3-34.

    47. Butler, Judith, ‘Violence, Mourning, Politics’, Precarious Life (Verso, 2004):19-49.

    48. Carpenter, Charli, ‘Gender Theory in World Politics: Contributions of a Nonfeminist Standpoint’, International Studies Review, 4, 3, 2002, 153-166.

    49. Charlesworth, Hilary, ‘Feminist Methods in International Law’, American Journal of International Law, 93, 2, 1999, 379-394.

    50. Connell, R. W., ‘The Science of Masculinity’, in Masculinities (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995), pp. 3-44.

    51. Kathy Ferguson, Interpretation and Genealogy in Feminism’, in The Man Question in Feminist Theory (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993),

    pp. 1-35.

    52. Foucault, Michel, ‘Power/Knowledge’, in Steven Seidman and Jeffrey C. Alexander (eds), (London: Routledge, 2001), pp. 69-75.

    53. Goldstein, Joshua, ‘A Puzzle: The Cross-Cultural Consistency of Gender Roles in War’, in War and Gender: How Gender Shapes the War System and Vice Versa (Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 1-58.

    54. Lapid, Josef, ‘The Third Debate: On the Prospects of International Theory in a Post-Positivist Era’, International Studies Quarterly, 33, 3, 1989, 235-254.

    55. Lugones, Maria, ‘Playfulness, "World"-Travelling, and Loving Perception’, in Gloria Anzaldua, ed. Making Face, Making Soul –Haciendo Caras: Creative and Critical Perspectives by Women of Color (San Francisco: Aunt Lute, 1990): 390-29.

    56. Mohanty, Chandra, ‘Introduction: Cartographies of Struggle: Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism’, in Chandra Mohanty, Ann Russo, and Lourdes Torres, eds., Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991): 1-47.

    57. Narayan, Uma, ‘Contesting Cultures’, in Dislocating Cultures, (Indiana University Press, 1997), pp. 1-39.

    58. Nussbaum, Martha, ‘Introduction: Feminism and International Development’, in Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), pp. 1-33.

    59. Steve Smith, ‘The Forty Years Detour: The Resurgence of Normative Theory in International Relations’, Millennium, 21, 3, 1992, 489-508.

    60. Walker, Rob and Ashley, Richard, ‘Speaking the Language of Exile: Dissident Thought in International Studies’, International Studies Quarterly, 34, 3, 1990, 259-268

    61.Yuval-Davis, Nira, ‘Theorizing Gender and Nation’, in Gender and Nation (Sage, 1997), pp. 1-25.

    Volume V: 1997–2009

    62. Ackerly, Brooke A., Stern, Maria, True, Jacqui, ‘Feminist Methodologies for International Relations’, in Brooke A. Ackerly, Maria Stern, Jacqui True (eds), Feminist Methodologies for International Relations (Cambridge University Press, 2006), pp. 1-16.

    63. Caprioli, Mary, "Feminist IR Theory and Quantitative Methodology: A Critical Analysis’, International Studies Quarterly, 6, 2004, 253-269.

    64. Carver, Terrell, Cochran, Molly, Squires, Judith, ‘Gendering Jones: Feminisms, IRs, Masculinities’, Review of International Studies, 24, 2, 1998, 283-298.

    65. d’Costa, Bina, ‘Marginalized Identity: New Frontiers of Research for IR," Brooke A. Ackerly, Maria Stern, Jacqui True (eds), Feminist Methodologies for International Relations (Cambridge University Press, 2006), pp. 129-152.

    66. Enloe, Cynthia, ‘How do they Militarize a Can of Soup?’, in Maneuvers: The International Politics of Militarizing Women’s Lives (UC Berkeley, 2000): pp. 1-34.

    67. Hansen, Lene, ‘The Little Mermaid’s Silent Security Dilemma and the Absence of Gender in the Copenhagen School’, Millennium, 29, 2, 2000, 285-306.

    68. Hooper, Charlotte, ‘Masculinities in International Relations’, in Manly States: Masculinities, International Relations, Gender Politics (Columbia, 2001), pp. 79-116.

    69. Hutchings, Kimberly, ‘Towards a Feminist International Ethics’, Review of International Studies, 26, 2, 2000, 111-130

    70. Jabri, Vivienne,  ‘Feminist Ethics and Hegemonic Global Politics’, Alternatives, 29, 3, 2004, 265-284.

    71. Locher, Birgit and Prugl, Elisabeth, ‘Feminism and Constructivism: Worlds Apart or Sahrign the Middle Ground’, International Studies Quarterly, 45, 1, 2001, 111-129.

    72. Moon, Katherine, Sex Among Allies (Columbia U Press, 1997), chapter 1, 17-48.

    73. Peterson, V. Spike, ‘Rewriting (Global) Political Economy as Reproductive and Virtual (Foucauldrian) Economies’ International Feminist Journal of Politics, 4, 1, 2002, pp. 1-30.

    74. Rai, Shirin M., ‘Gendering Global Governance’, International Feminist Journal of Politics, 6, 4, 2004, 579-601.

    75. Shepherd, Laura,  ‘Victims, Perpetrators, and Actors’ Revisited: Exploring the Potential for a Feminist Reconceptualisation of (International) Security and (Gender) Violence’, British Journal of Politics and International Relations’, 9, 2: 2007, 239-256.

    76. Sjoberg, Laura and Gentry, Caron, Mothers, Monsters, Whores (Zed Books, 2008), chapter 1: 1-26.

    77. Smith, Steve, ‘"Unacceptable Conclusions" and the "Man" Question: Masculinity, Gender, and International Relations’, in Marysia Zalewski and Jane Parpart, eds (1998), The Man Question in IR, (Westview), pp. 54-72.

    78. Squires, Judith and Weldes, Jutta, ‘Beyond Being Marginal’, British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 9, 2, 2008, pp. 185-203.

    79. Steans, Jill, ‘Engaging from the Margins: Feminist Encounters with the ‘Mainstream’, of Relations’, British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 5, 3, 2003, 428-454.

    80. Stern, Maria, ‘Racism, Sexism, Classism, and Much More: Reading Security-Identity in Marginalized Sites’, in Brooke A. Ackerly, Maria Stern, and Jacqui True (eds), Feminist Methodologies for International Realtions (CUP, 2006), pp. 174-198.

    81. Sylvester, Christine, ‘Internations of Feminism and International Relations’, in Feminist International Relations: An Unfinished Journey (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. 287-316.

    82. Sylvester, Christine, "The Art of War/The War Question in (Feminist) IR," Millennium, 33, 3, 2005, 855-878.

    83. Tickner, Ann, "You Just Don’t Understand: Troubled Engagements between Feminists and IR Theorists’, International Studies Quarterly, 41, 4, 1997, 611-632.


    Christine Sylvester is Professor of International Relations and Development at Lancaster University. She has previously held tenured academic positions in the USA, Australia, and the Netherlands and visiting appointments at the University of Zimbabwe, the National University of Lesotho, the University of Tampere, University of Southern California, University of Queensland, Oxford University, and SOAS. She is the author of Feminist Theory and International Relations in a Postmodern Era (CUP, 1994) and Feminist International Relations: An Unfinished Journey (CUP, 2002). She has also written Zimbabwe: The Terrain of Contradictory Development (Westview, 1991) and Producing Women and Progress in Zimbabwe (Heinemann, 2000). In 2008, her book Art/Museums: International Relations Where We Least Expect It (Paradigm). She was the first convenor of the Feminist Theory and Gender Studies section of the ISA and served the ISA as vice president in 2005. She publishes frequently in a range of journals, including Millennium, Security Dialogue, Alternatives, Geographical Journal, Third World Quarterly, Journal of Modern African Studies, Signs, and the International Feminist Journal of Politics.