This book includes fieldwork from five continents and demonstrates the breadth of techniques used by environmental criminologists to understand crime.
Environmental criminologists seek to understand crime within the physical, and even digital, contexts where it occurs – believing that crime occurs when people converge in time and space and that the environment impacts the opportunity for crime. Understanding the environment aids the researcher in answering an essential question: what can be done to alter the place to prevent or reduce crime? However, to understand complex environmental influences, researchers need to engage in fieldwork. Fieldwork involves researchers entering the environment they are studying to observe, listen, and experience the surroundings in a way that influences their understanding of the place and people in the environment.
This book highlights the broad array of crime types – from package theft in the suburbs to poaching in the Nile basin – that environmental criminology is well suited to address. Finally, it advances methods and techniques, tests established protocols, and offers reflections on experiences during fieldwork, demonstrating the value of the techniques for environmental criminology and offering solutions to crime problems.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Criminal Justice Studies.
Table of Contents
1. Provoked poachers? Applying a situational precipitator framework to examine the nexus between human-wildlife conflict, retaliatory killings, and poaching
William D. Moreto
2. When a loved one is on community supervision: the crime controller strategies used by ‘PoPPs’ (parents/partners/peers of probationers and parolees)
Lacey Schaefer, Emily Moir and Gemma C. Williams
3. Putting qualitative methodology in perspective: reflections on the relevance of fieldwork into the field of Environmental Criminology
4. Exploring the influence of daily microroutines on residential guardianship and monitoring patterns
Emily Moir, Danielle M. Reynald, Timothy C. Hart and Anna Stewart
5. Yelping about a good time: casino popularity and crime
Virginia Sosa, Gisela Bichler and Lianna Quintero
6. Porch pirates: Examining unattended package theft through crime script analysis
Ben Stickle, Melody Hicks, Amy Stickle and Zachary Hutchinson
7. Fieldwork protocol as a safety inventory tool in public places
Ben Stickle is Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at Middle Tennessee State University. With nearly twenty years of practitioner experience, his research interests include policing, crime prevention, and property crime (e.g., metal theft & package theft). He has published widely in scholarly journals, books, and other outlets.