Fifty Key Figures in Islam  book cover
1st Edition

Fifty Key Figures in Islam

ISBN 9780203001387
Published September 27, 2006 by Routledge
280 Pages

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Book Description

The perfect resource for those wishing to learn more about the Muslim culture, its people and its teachings, Fifty Key Figures in Islam explores the lives and thoughts of fifty influential individuals in Islam and surveys a heritage that spans 1,500 years.

Covering key figures such as the Prophet Muhammad, Suleiman 'the Magnificent' and El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Malcolm X), the entry for each figure includes:

  • biographical details
  • a presentation and analysis of their main ideas
  • an account of their impact and influence within and, if appropriate, beyond the Islamic tradition
  • list of major works and additional reading.

Fully cross-referenced for ease of use, this clearly presented work is ideal for those interested in or studying the area, and could not have come at a more fascinating time in history for Islam.

Table of Contents


1. Prophet Muhammad (c. 570-632)

2. Abu Bakr (c.570-634)

3. Umar ibn al-Khattab (c. 581-644)

4. Ali ibn Abi Talib (c. 596-661)

5. Mu’awiya (c. 602-680)

6. Abu Hanifa (c.699 – 767)

7. Malik ibn Anas (c. 709 – 795)

8. Rabi’a of Basra (c. 717 - 801).

9. Muhammad al-Shafi’i (768-820)

10. Ahmad ibn Hanbal (780-855).

11. Al-Ma’mun (786-833)

12. Yaqub ibn Ishaq al-Kindi (c.801-873)

13. Abu al-Hasan al-Ashari (837-935).

14. Muhammad al-Tabari (839-923).

15. Abu Nasr al-Farabi (c.870-950)

16. Ubaydallah ‘Al-Mahdi’ (c.873-934)

17. Abu al-Hasan Ali al-Mawardi (972-1058)

18. Abu Ali ibn Sina (‘Avicenna’) (980-1037)

19. Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazzali (1058-1111)

20. Mahmud ibn Umar al-Zamakhshari (1075-1144).

21. Abu al-Walid Muhammad ibn Rushd (‘Averroes’) (1126-98)

22. Salah al-Din (‘Saladin’) (1138-1193)

23. Yahya Suhrawardi (1154-1191)

24. Ibn Arabi (1165-1240).

25. Nasir al-Din Tusi (1201-1274)

26. Jalal al-Din Rumi (1207-1273)

27. Ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328)

28. Abd al-Rahman ibn Khaldun (1332-1406)

29. Al-Suyuti (1445-1505)

30. Suleiman ‘the Magnificent’ (c.1494-1566)

31. Emperor Akbar (1542-1605)

32. Sadr al-Din Shirazi ‘Mulla Sadra’ (c.1572-1640)

33. Shah Wali-Allah (1703-62).

34. Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab (1703-92).

35. Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan (1817-98)

36. Sayyid Jamal al-Din ‘Al-Afghani’ (1838/9-97)

37. Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905)

38. Rashid Rida (1865-1935)

39. Sir Muhammad Iqbal (1873-1938)

40. Sayyid Ruhollah Khomeini (1902-89)

41. Sayyid Abul Ala Mawdudi (1903-79)

42. Hasan al-Bana (1906-49)

43. Sayyid Qutb (1906-66)

44. Muhammad Taha (1908-85)

45. El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (‘Malcolm X’) (1925-1965)

46. Hasan Al-Turabi (b. 1932)

47. Ali Shariati (1933-77)

48. Hasan Hanafi (b.1935)

49. Rachid Ghannoushi (b. 1941)

50. Abd al-Karim Soroush (b.1945)

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Dr. Roy Ahmad Jackson has been a lecturer and writer of religion and philosophy for over fifteen years. He has lectured in Islamic Studies at various universities, including University of Durham and Kings’ College London. He has previously written books on Nietzsche, Plato, Islam and Philosophy of Religion.


'Who says what in the name of Islam has become one of the most hotly contested issues of this century. Here we have a comprehensive account of the core ideas of Islamic thinkers, from its founding fathers to the present day, in one volume. Understanding the intellectual traditions of Islam has never been easier!' - Professor Anoush Ehteshami, Durham University