Figurative language, such as verbal irony, metaphor, hyperbole, idioms, and other forms is an increasingly important subfield within the empirical study of language comprehension and use. Figurative Language Comprehension: Social and Cultural Influences is an edited scholarly book that ties together recent research concerning the social and cultural influences on figurative language cognition. These influences include gender, cultural differences, economic status, and inter-group effects, among others. The effects these influences have on people's use, comprehension, and even processing of figurative language, comprise the main theme of this volume. No other book offers such a look at the social and cultural influences on a whole family of figurative forms at several levels of cognition.
This volume is of great interest to scholars and professionals in the disciplines of social and cognitive psychology, psycholinguistics, and second language acquisition, as well as cognitive and other fields of linguistics where scholars have interests in pragmatics, metaphor, symbol, discourse, and narrative. Some knowledge of the empirical and experimental methods used in language research, as well as some familiarity with theories underlying the use, comprehension, and processing of figurative language would be helpful to readers of this book.
"…this book deals simultaneously with two relatively marginalized areas of language processing. This fact alone makes the book an important and welcome contribution."
—Language in Society
Contents: A.N. Katz, Preface. H.L. Colston, On Sociocultural and Nonliteral: A Synopsis and a Prophesy. Part I: Sociocultural Knowledge Influences. D.J. Barr, B. Keysar, Making Sense of How We Make Sense: The Paradox of Egocentrism in Language Use. R.J. Gerrig, W.S. Horton, Contextual Expressions and Common Ground. Part II: Sociocultural Phenomenological Influences. T. Holtgraves, Context and the Comprehension of Nonliteral Meanings. H.L. Colston, Social and Cultural Influences on Figurative and Indirect Language. R.W. Gibbs, Jr., C.D. Izett, Irony as Persuasive Communication. K.E. Link, R.J. Kreuz, Do Men and Women Differ in Their Use of Nonliteral Language When They Talk About Emotions? Part III: Sociocultural Processing Influences. A.N. Katz, Discourse and Social-Cultural Factors in Understanding Nonliteral Language. P.M. Pexman, Social Factors in the Interpretation of Verbal Irony: The Roles of Speaker and Listener Characteristics. R. Giora, N. Balaban, O. Fein, I. Alkabets, Explicit Negation as Positivity in Disguise. Part IV: New Sociocultural Influences. T.L. Blumentritt, R.R. Heredia, Stereotype Processing and Nonliteral Language. C. Curcó, On Mosquitoes and Camels: Some Notes on the Interpretation of Metaphorically Transparent Popular Sayings. M. Marschark, Metaphors in Sign Language and Sign Language Users: A Window Into Relations of Language and Thought.