Financial Justification of Nondestructive Testing: Cost of Quality in Manufacturing, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Financial Justification of Nondestructive Testing

Cost of Quality in Manufacturing, 1st Edition

By Emmanuel P. Papadakis

CRC Press

234 pages | 64 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9780849397196
pub: 2006-08-15
SAVE ~$21.75
$145.00
$123.25
x
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429126949
pub: 2006-08-15
from $28.98


FREE Standard Shipping!

Description

Finance is not, in general, a part of the curriculum for scientists, engineers, and even nondestructive testing (NDT) specialists. Therefore, justifying proposals for new methods and equipment that may seemingly add a modicum of cost to the production process can be problematic. Financial Justification of Nondestructive Testing not only explains how 100% inspection by high-tech methods can save money for a manufacturing organization, but also explains how to justify this cost to upper management.

Placing NDT in the historical context of quality and inspection, the author demonstrates three methods of calculation for proving the validity of NDT. He includes a forum of arguments, for and against, on the use of NDT; covers how NDT relates to quality standards like ISO-9000; and provides new examples of successful NDT. The book draws on examples from real life, demonstrating use of 100% NDT in factory situations when proven justified by financial calculations. It also describes high-tech inspection technology in the context of modern ISO Quality Standards, Total Quality Management theory, and Statistical Process Control.

Inspection by means of NDT is a process that has a definite place in the big picture of quality and cost-effective manufacturing. Obtaining finance is key to the implementation of NDT, yet financial calculations are often the stumbling block to getting the needed approvals. Demonstrating how to apply financial formulas to prove or disprove the utility of 100% NDT, Financial Justification of Nondestructive Testing helps you build the financial case for your NDT projects.

Reviews

" …provides management with a cogent, comprehensive, informed explanation of how inspection of products by high-tech methods can save money for a manufacturer and how to explain and justify the necessary expenses associated with product testing to upper management and stockholders….A Superbly organized and presented introduction and instruction manual on this specialized aspect of manufacturing, 'Financial Justification on Nondestructive Testing' is a core addition to profession, corporate, and academic library quality control reference collections and supplemental reading lists."

- James A. Cox in The Midwest Book Review , February 2007

Table of Contents

THE BIG PICTURE OF QUALITY

What Quality Means to People

Trying to Manage Quality

ISO-9000 as the Management Standard for Quality

(Revised 2000)

HOW WE GOT TO WHERE WE ARE

Early Philosophy of Manufacturing

Taylor Management Method and Mass Production:

Our Twin Nemesis

Quality Degradation under Taylor Management

The Inspector as the Methodology to Rectify Quality

Adversarial Confrontation: Inspector as Cop and Laborer as Crook

Ineffectuality of Inspector to Improve Quality

The "Perfect" Inspector: Automated 100% Inspection by Electronics

Fallacies of Early Implementation of 100% Inspection

The Root Problem: Out-of-Control Processes

OUT OF CONTROL, UNDER CONTROL, AND ACHIEVEING CONTROL FOR PROCESSES

Out of Control as a Question of Information

Statistical Process Control (SPC) to Get Information

A Review of Statistical Process Control

Automated Run Rules with Computers

Statistical Process Control Results as Statistics

Out-of-Control Quarantining Versus Just-in-Time Inventory

TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT WITH STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL AND INSPECTION

Total Quality Management and Deming's Fourteen Points

Deming's 14 Points Taken Sequentially

Summary

ISO-9000 WITH STATISTICS AND INSPECTION

Background

ISO-9000: Keeping a Company under Control

Statistical Process Control and Statistics within ISO Philosophy in the 1990 Version

Inspection in ISO-9000-1990

Changes in Emphasis in the ISO-9000-2000 Version

Overview of Sections 4 through 8

Failure Modes and Effects Analysis

How Does NDT Fit into ISO-9000-2000?

Summary

STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL AS A PREREQUISITE TO CALCULATING THE NEED FOR INSPECTION

Recapitulation of Statistical Process Control

Necessary Data

The Costs of Inspection and the Detrimental Costs of Not Inspecting

Summary

THREE FINANCIAL CALCULATIONS JUSTIFYING 100% NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING

Introduction

DIC: Low Investment

TARR or IRR: High Investment and Long-Term Usage

Productivity, Profitability, and Revenue Method: Nano-Economics

HIGH-TECH INSPECTION METHODS

General

Various Classes of Methods: NDT and Others

Correlations and Functions Relating Measurements and Parameters

REAL MANUFACTURING EXAMPLES OF THE THREE FINANCIAL METHODS OF CALCULATION AND OF REAL DECISIONS MADE ON THE BASIS OF THOSE CALCULATIONS

General

Examples of the Deming Inspection Criterion (DIC) Method

Examples of TARR and IRR Methods

Examples of the Productivity, Profitability, and Revenue Method

Summary

NONDESTRUCTIVE INSPECTION TECHNOLOGY AND METROLOGY IN THE CONTEXT OF MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY AS EXPLAINED IN THIS BOOK

Emphasis

Chronological Progression

References

Related Titles

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUS053000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Quality Control
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC032000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Quality Control