Finite element analysis has been widely applied to study biomedical problems. This book aims to simulate some common medical problems using finite element advanced technologies, which establish a base for medical researchers to conduct further investigations.
This book consists of four main parts: (1) bone, (2) soft tissues, (3) joints, and (4) implants. Each part starts with the structure and function of the biology and then follows the corresponding finite element advanced features, such as anisotropic nonlinear material, multidimensional interpolation, XFEM, fiber enhancement, UserHyper, porous media, wear, and crack growth fatigue analysis. The final section presents some specific biomedical problems, such as abdominal aortic aneurysm, intervertebral disc, head impact, knee contact, and SMA cardiovascular stent. All modeling files are attached in the appendixes of the book.
This book will be helpful to graduate students and researchers in the biomedical field who engage in simulations of biomedical problems. The book also provides all readers with a better understanding of current advanced finite element technologies.
- Details finite element modeling of bone, soft tissues, joints, and implants
- Presents advanced finite element technologies, such as fiber enhancement, porous media, wear, and crack growth fatigue analysis
- Discusses specific biomedical problems, such as abdominal aortic aneurysm, intervertebral disc, head impact, knee contact, and SMA cardiovascular stent
- Explains principles for modeling biology
- Provides various descriptive modeling files
Table of Contents
Part I: Bone
2. Bone Structure and Material Properties
3. Simulation of Nonhomogeneous Bone
4. Simulation of Anisotropic Bone
5. Simulation of Crack Growth Using the eXtended Finite Element Method (XFEM)
Part II: Soft Tissues
6. Structure and Material Properties of Soft Tissues
7. Nonlinear Behavior of Soft Tissues
8. Viscoelasticity of Soft Tissues
9. Fiber Enhancement
10. USERMAT for Simulation of Soft Tissues
11. Modeling Soft Tissues as Porous Media
Part III: Joints
12. Structure and Function of Joints
13. Modeling Contact
14. Application of the Discrete Element Method for Study of the Knee Joint
Part IV: Simulation of Implants
15. Study of Contact in Ankle Replacement
16. Simulation of Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) Cardiovascular Stent
17. Wear Model of Liner in Hip Replacement
18. Fatigue Analysis of a Mini Dental Implant (MDI)
Part V: Retrospective
Z. Yang earned a PhD in mechanical engineering at the University of Pittsburgh in 2004. Since 2001, he has conducted many bioengineering projects using finite element method and published one book chapter and twelve journal papers. His research interests include (1) application of finite element method in biomechanics and (2) application of tribology in biomechanics.