Fire Protection Approaches in Site Plan Review  book cover
1st Edition

Fire Protection Approaches in Site Plan Review

ISBN 9781498741781
Published October 28, 2015 by CRC Press
125 Pages 97 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The outcome of a fire review can greatly impact the internal fire and life safety features, as well as the architectural design of a building. An insider’s guide for both novice and expert, Fire Protection Approaches in Site Plan Review provides the framework needed to design and evaluate a successful site plan for review. This book outlines the components of a fire review, provides fundamental knowledge of fire principles related to a review, and introduces concepts for site plan development that can reduce or eliminate the problems that take place during the review process and during fire emergencies.

In addition to providing an overview of site plans, the author explains the items required for fire analysis, the kind of information that will be evaluated, and the items with which a reviewer should be familiar to begin a review. He also implements best practices, internationally recognized codes and standards, and applies real-life examples illustrating relevant ideas and concepts.

A technical examination that considers an engineering approach to fire emergency service, codes and standards, this book:

  • Establishes the importance of the roads used by fire emergency personnel to get to a site
  • Explains the water requirements for a fully-engulfed building
  • Discusses the strategic positioning of fire hydrants
  • Examines underground fire service lines that supply water to the active fire protection systems of the building
  • Highlights Siamese connections, also known as Fire Department Connections (FDCs)
  • Looks at location and positioning of FDCs, clearance from obstructions, size, and labeling
  • Covers access for emergency vehicles from the fire station and to the building

Fire Protection Approaches in Site Plan Review describes the basics of fire protection as they relate to site planning and explains the importance of proper site plan review. This book serves as a handy guide for owners seeking to protect their buildings, architects and engineers needing to implement a cost-effective code-compliant design, and plan examiners and inspectors looking to effectively evaluate and review site plans.

Table of Contents

Site Plan Basics

Building Address

Measuring Scales


Existing Condition/Demolition


Site Renovation

Local Fire Alarm Notification

Record Keeping




Fire Flow

ISU Method

Illinois Institute of Technology Research Institute Method

ISO Method

Fairfax County Method

Occupancy Reduction—"OR" Value

Exposure Distance—"ED" Value

IFC Method

Minimum and Maximum Fire Flows

Example of Fairfax County Method


Fire Hydrants

Dry Hydrants

Wet Hydrants

Flow and Pressure at Hydrants

Clear Space around Fire Hydrants

Distance between Fire Hydrants

Fire Hydrant Availability and Access


Underground Fire Lines

Tall Buildings

Case Study: NFPA 13R Sprinkler System



Site Renovations

Case Study


Fire Department Connections

Plan View

Fire Hydrant Serving Siamese Connection

FDCs for High-Rise Buildings

Case Study

Pumper Test Header

Free-Standing FDC


Fire Truck Access

Dead Ends

Fire Lane Signage


Aerial Ladder Truck Access

How Much Access Is Enough Access?


Code Modifications




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Mohammad Nabeel Waseem has an Advance Diploma in Fire Protection Engineering Technology from Seneca College of Applied Arts and Technology (Ontario, Canada), Bachelor of Science Degree in Fire Safety and Engineering Technology from University of Cincinnati, and a Master of Engineering Degree in Fire Protection Engineering from the University of Maryland. In addition, he holds an MBA in Project Management from Columbia Southern University, where he also served as an adjunct faculty member. A Professional Member of SFPE, Mr. Waseem is a Certified Fire Protection Specialist (CPFS), holds NICET Level III certification in water-based systems, is a certified fire plans examiner, a fire inspector, and a Licensed Fire Protection Engineer in Maryland and Virginia, USA.


"… comprehensive in the fundamentals of site plan review. The real world examples and applications that are provided show how the engineering principles promote fire safety and emergency operations."
—Battalion Chief John L. Walser, Fairfax County Fire and Rescue Department, Virginia, USA