Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, Catalysts, and Catalysis: Advances and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, Catalysts, and Catalysis

Advances and Applications, 1st Edition

Edited by Burtron H. Davis, Mario L. Occelli

CRC Press

417 pages | 12 Color Illus. | 181 B/W Illus.

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With petroleum prices spiraling upward, making synthetic fuels—or "synfuels"—from coal, natural gas, and biomass has become more economically competitive. Advanced energy companies now focus exclusively on alternative fuels, and many oil companies have programs dedicated to developing synthetic fuels. The Fischer-Tropsch process, which uses a collection of chemical reactions to convert mixtures of carbon monoxide and hydrogen into liquid hydrocarbons, is the studied method of choice for producing synthetic petroleum substitutes.

Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, Catalysts, and Catalysis: Advances and Applications began at a symposium held during the 248th American Chemical Society meeting, where high attendance demonstrated great interest in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The lively discussions that occurred led to the creation of this carefully constructed reference work. The contributors here have expanded and reorganized their presentations from the conference into thorough chapters that reflect the four key subject areas that dominated the presentations:

  • Catalyst preparation and activation
  • Catalyst activity and reaction mechanisms
  • Catalyst characterization and related reactions
  • Topics concerning commercializing the Fischer-Tropsch process

While describing advances and exploring the potential of the Fischer-Tropsch process in the future of synthetic fuels, the research also demonstrates that several issues remain in producing increasingly active catalysts and more efficient reactor design.

Covering recent developments in Fischer-Tropsch technology for renewable resources and green energy, this book is a significant contribution for researchers and practitioners concerned with the production of synthetic fuels. It explores new and sophisticated techniques while providing a look at the application of these advances to commercial processing conditions.

Table of Contents

Carbon-Supported Co-Mn Catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

James. S. Hayward, Sarwat Iqbal, Thomas E. Davies, Stuart H. Taylor, Jonathan K. Bartley, Khalid Karim, and Graham J. Hutchings

Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis: Activity and Selectivity of χ-Fe5C2 and θ-Fe3C Carbides

Muthu Kumaran Gnanamani, Hussein H. Hamdeh, Gary Jacobs, Wilson D. Shafer, Dennis E. Sparks, and Burtron H. Davis

Effect of ZnAl2O4 Morphologies on the Catalytic Performance of Co-Based Catalysts in Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

Junkun Yan, Ming Wu, Jingping Hong, Yuhua Zhang, and Jinlin Li

Improving the Accessibility of Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Catalyst Layers by Insertion of Transport Pores

Henning Becker, Robert Güttel, and Thomas Turek

Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis: Comparisons of SiO2- and SiC-Supported Co Catalysts Prepared through Aqueous Impregnation and CVD Methods

Damarcus D. Smiley, Victor Gloriot, Gary Jacobs, Venkat Ramana Rao Pendyala, Uschi M. Graham, Wenping Ma, Wilson D. Shafer, Gerald Thomas, Shelley Hopps, Aimee Maclennan, Yongfeng Hu, Syed Khalid, and Burtron H. Davis

Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis: Comparisons of Al2O3- and TiO2-Supported Co Catalysts Prepared by Aqueous Impregnation and CVD Methods

Nicolas A. Hughes, Victor Gloriot, Damarcus D. Smiley, Gary Jacobs, Venkat Ramana Rao Pendyala, Uschi M. Graham, Wenping Ma, Muthu Kumaran Gnanamani, Wilson D. Shafer, Aimee Maclennan, Yongfeng Hu, Syed Khalid, and Burtron H. Davis

Principles of Olefin Selectivity in Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis on Iron and Cobalt Catalysts

Hans Schulz

Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis: Effect of CO Conversion on Product Selectivities during Deactivation or by Changing Space Velocity at Stable Conditions over Unpromoted and Ru-Promoted 25%Co/Al2O3 Catalysts

Wenping Ma, Uschi M. Graham, Gary Jacobs, Branislav Todic, Dragomir B. Bukur, and Burtron H. Davis

Novel Utilization of Mesostructured Cellular Silica Foams as Support for Cobalt Catalysts in Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

Liang Wei, Yuhua Zhang, Yanxi Zhao, Chengchao Liu, Jingping Hong, and Jinlin Li

Explanations of the Formation of Products during Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis over Iron Catalysts

Buchang Shi, Yunxin Liao, and Jennifer L. Naumovitz

Mechanism of the Fischer-Tropsch Process

Debanjan Chakrabarti, Vinay Prasad, and Arno De Klerk

Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis on Co-Based Catalysts in a Microchannel Reactor: Effect of Temperature and Pressure on Selectivity and Stability

Jia Yang, Sara Boullosa Eiras, Rune Myrstad, Hilde J. Venvik, Peter Pfeifer, and Anders Holmen

Investigation of the Partitioning of Dissociated H2 and D2 on Activated Ruthenium Catalysts

Wilson D. Shafer, Venkat Ramana Rao Pendyala, Gary Jacobs, Jack Selegue, and Burtron H. Davis

Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis: Impact of Ammonia on Alumina- and Silica-Supported Cobalt Catalysts Activity

Venkat Ramana Rao Pendyala, Gary Jacobs, Wenping Ma, and Burtron H. Davis

Syngas Conversion to Higher Alcohols: A Comparative Study of Large-Pore OMC and MWCNT-Supported KCoRhMoS2 Catalysts

Philip E. Boahene, Ramaswami Sammynaiken, and Ajay K. Dalai

Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis: Activity and Product Selectivity of SiC-Supported Ru Catalysts

Venkat Ramana Rao Pendyala, Gary Jacobs, Uschi M. Graham, Jean-Samuel Poirier, Damarcus D. Smiley, Maria A. Morales, Wilson D. Shafer, Syed Khalid, and Burtron H. Davis

Low-Temperature Water–Gas Shift: Effects of Y and Na in High Surface Area Na-Doped YSZ-Supported Pt Catalysts

Michela Martinelli, Gary Jacobs, Uschi M. Graham, Wilson D. Shafer, Carlo G. Visconti, Luca Lietti, and Burtron H. Davis

Low-Temperature Water–Gas Shift: Comparative Study of Lanthanide Oxide-Supported Pt Catalysts

Sarah S. Suggs, Chase P. Moran, Wilson D. Shafer, Adam C. Crawford, Gary Jacobs, Patricia M. Patterson, Syed Khalid, and Burtron H. Davis

Probing the Ability of KL-Zeolite to Provide Single-File Access of Hexane to Pt Nanoclusters as a Function of Pressure

Wilson D. Shafer, Gary Jacobs, Gabriela Alvez, Ryan Snell, Xianghong Hao, and Burtron H. Davis

Commercializing an Advanced Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Technology

Soumitra R. Deshmukh, Stephen C. LeViness, Heinz J. Robota, and Matthew Davis

Small-Scale Fischer-Tropsch Gas-to-Liquids Facilities

Arno De Klerk

About the Editors

Burtron H. Davis earned his PhD in physical chemistry from the University of Florida, Gainesville. He is responsible for catalysis, Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, and direct coal liquefaction research at the Center for Applied Energy Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington. He developed a program that involved both academic research and cooperative research with industry. He has developed a laboratory with extensive capability in the use of radioactive and stable isotopes in reaction mechanism studies and materials characterization. He has also developed research programs in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, surface science studies, heterogeneous catalysis, materials science, organic analysis, ¼-ton-per-day direct coal liquefaction pilot plant operation, liquefaction mechanistic studies, clean gasoline reforming with superacid catalysts, and upgrading naphthas. He has held various offices and memberships in several professional societies, including the American Chemical Society, The Catalysis Society, and the Materials Research Society. He has received the H. H. Storch Award and is a fellow of the American Chemical Society. He is the author of more than 800 technical publications.

Mario L. Occelli came to the United States in 1963 on a Fulbright scholarship to study chemical engineering at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, where he earned a BS in chemical engineering and his PhD in physical chemistry. He spent his entire career researching the synthesis and characterization of microporous materials and their application in the preparation of fluid cracking catalysts and hydrocracking catalysts for the petrochemical and petroleum refining industry. While working at GULF, UNOCAL, and Georgia Tech Research Institute, his dual background in physical chemistry and chemical engineering allowed him to contribute to multidisciplinary research projects involving chemists, surface scientists, physicists, material scientists, and chemical engineers working in national and industrial laboratories and in academia. His work has been extensively published, he has presented papers and lectures at national and international meetings, and he holds 30 US patents. He currently works as an independent consultant.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Fossil Fuels