1st Edition

Fixed Borders, Fluid Boundaries Identity, Resources and Mobility in Northeast India

Edited By Chandan Kumar Sharma, Reshmi Banerjee Copyright 2021
    222 Pages
    by Routledge India

    222 Pages
    by Routledge India

    This book provides an understanding of the challenges in Northeast India in terms of the nature of flows and ruptures in the daily lives of people. It brings together multiple and interconnected issues of identity, development, environment, migration, land alienation and policy impacts to the forefront.

    Northeast India’s history is affected both by internal dynamic processes, as are its linkages with adjoining countries, marked by a fluid movement of people and goods across porous borders. The book explores how the region has emerged as a resource frontier for the global markets, yet its resource mobilization has led to disparity within the region. The volume discusses key themes concerning the region such as the processes of development and people’s resistance; underdevelopment in the peripheral areas; resource flow and conflict; community response and local agency; state and customary practices; politics of land and citizenship; development-induced dispossession; human mobility, immigration and conflict; the notion of "outsiders"; inter-state border conflict; and spatial connections.

    Rich in empirical data, the volume will be relevant and useful for students and researchers of development studies, Northeast India studies, sociology, political science, border and migration studies, public policy, peace and conflict studies, as well as practitioners and policymakers.


    Introduction – Periphery Calling: Layers of Divergence

    Chandan Kumar Sharma and Reshmi Banerjee


    Part 1: Discord around Development

    Chapter 1. The Contemporary Process of Economic Development, State Power and Lepcha Resistance in Sikkim: A Macro View

    Binod Bhattarai

    Chapter 2. Concentrated Development of Specific Areas vis-à-vis Underdevelopment in Peripheral Areas of Meghalaya

    Kitdor W. Kharbuli

    Chapter 3. Hydrocarbon Exploration in Manipur: Resource Conflict and Community Response

    Shreya Saha

    Chapter 4. Dispossession Due to Development: A Case Study of the Tiwa Tribe of Central Assam

    Dola Borkataki


    Part 2: Issues of Identity

    Chapter 5. State and Customary Practices: Locating the Power and Authority of the Konyak Anghs

    Jagritee Ghosh

    Chapter 6. Ethnicity, Immigration and Conflict: The Case of Bodoland Territorial Area Districts (BTAD)

    Cihnnita Baruah

    Chapter 7. ‘Outsiders’ in Bodoland: Categories of Narratives and Practice

    Saba Sharma

    Chapter 8. Politics of Land and Citizenship in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh

    Fariba Alamgir


    Part 3: Borders and Beyond

    Chapter 9. Accusations and Belonging in the Southwestern Borderland of Mizoram

    N. William Singh

    Chapter 10. Ethnography in the Assam–Nagaland Border: Narratives of Conflict

    Prafulla Kr. Nath

    Chapter 11. Ambiguity, Conflict and Compliance: Myanmar’s Woes Meet North East India

    Reshmi Banerjee

    Chapter 12. Crossing over the Patkai Mountains: Ethnographic Memoirs as Ruptures and Flows

    Kaustubh Deka





    Chandan Kumar Sharma is Professor of Sociology at Tezpur University, Assam, India.

    Reshmi Banerjee is a political scientist based in London, UK, and is currently a visiting research fellow at the Institute of Social Sciences, New Delhi, India.