2nd Edition

Fluid Mechanics Aspects of Fire and Smoke Dynamics in Enclosures

By Bart Merci, Tarek Beji Copyright 2023
    354 Pages 137 Color Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    354 Pages 137 Color Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book provides essential understanding of flows in fire and smoke dynamics in enclosures, covering combustion, heat transfer and fire suppression in more detail than other introductory books. It moves from the basic equations for turbulent flows with combustion, through a discussion of the structure of flames, to fire and smoke plumes and their interaction with enclosure boundaries. This is then applied to fire dynamics and smoke and heat control in enclosures.

    This new edition provides considerably more on the fluid mechanics of the effect of water, and on fire dynamics modelling using Computational Fluid Dynamics.

    • Presents worked examples taken from practical, everyday fire-related problems
    • Covers a broad range of topics, from the basics to state-of-the-art computer simulations of fire and smoke-related fluid mechanics, including the effect of water
    • Provides extensive treatment of the interaction of water sprays with a fire-driven flow
    • Contains a chapter on Computational Fluid Dynamics, the increasingly popular calculation method in the field of fire safety science

    The book serves as a comprehensive guide at the undergraduate and starting researcher level on fire and smoke dynamics in enclosures, with an emphasis on fluid mechanics.

    1 Introduction

    2 Turbulent Flows with Chemical Reaction

    3 Turbulent Flames and Fire Plumes

    4 Smoke Plumes

    5 Fire and Smoke Dynamics in Enclosures

    6 Driving Forces in Smoke and Heat Control

    7 Impact of Water on Fire and Smoke Dynamics

    8 Introduction to Fire Modelling in Computational Fluid Dynamics


    Prof. Bart Merci obtained his PhD, entitled ‘Numerical Simulation and Modelling of Turbulent Combustion’, from the Faculty of Engineering at Ghent University in the year 2000. As a post-doctoral fellow of the Fund for Scientific Research – Flanders (FWO-Vlaanderen), he specialized in numerical simulations of turbulent non-premixed combustion, with focus on turbulence–chemistry interaction and turbulence–radiation interaction. He reoriented his research towards fire safety science, taking the fluid mechanics aspects as the central research topic. He became lecturer at Ghent University in 2004, Full Professor in 2012 and Senior Full Professor in 2020. He is the head of the research unit ‘Fire Safety Science and Engineering’ in the Department of Structural Engineering and Building Materials. Since 2009, Bart Merci has coordinated the ‘International Master of Science in Fire Safety Engineering’, with Lund University and the University of Edinburgh as partners. He was the President of The Belgian Section of The Combustion Institute from 2009 until 2016. Since 2016, he has been Editor-in-Chief of Fire Safety Journal. He is a member of the Executive Committee of the International Association for Fire Safety Science. He is co-author of more than 150 journal papers.

    Tarek Beji obtained his Ph.D. degree in 2009 from the University of Ulster (UK) with a thesis entitled ‘Theoretical and Experimental Investigation on Soot and Radiation in Fires’. In 2011, he joined Ghent University (UGent) as a post-doctoral researcher and worked on the topic of Fire Forecasting. In 2014, he was awarded an FWO post-doctoral fellowship and performed research on ‘Numerical Modelling of Water Sprays in Fire-Driven Flows’. In 2019, Tarek Beji was promoted to Assistant Professor in Fire Dynamics at Ghent University (UGent) in the Department of Structural Engineering and Building Materials where he is consolidating his research activities around the topic of ‘Numerical Modelling of Multi-Phase Aspects in Fire-Driven Flows’ with a particular interest in liquid sprays, pool fires and soot modelling.