Fluoride in Drinking Water : Status, Issues, and Solutions book cover
1st Edition

Fluoride in Drinking Water
Status, Issues, and Solutions

ISBN 9781498756525
Published April 20, 2016 by CRC Press
210 Pages 12 Color & 29 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Explore the Health Effects of Fluoride Pollution

Fluoride in Drinking Water: Status, Issues, and Solutions establishes the negative impacts of naturally occurring fluoride on human health and considers the depth and scope of fluoride pollution on an international scale. The book discusses current global water quality and fluoride-related issues and draws overall awareness to the problems associated with fluoride in drinking water.

Utilizing recent scientific studies to examine the current status of fluoride pollution, it provides a fundamental understanding of fluorosis, describes health problems associated with fluorosis, and discusses viable scientific solutions. The book places special emphasis on India, Africa, China, and other countries deeply affected by fluoride pollution.

A single, comprehensive source covering health issues related to fluoride and its effect on humans, this book:

  • Compiles information from scientific literature on the state of fluoride pollution
  • Characterizes the human impacts of fluorosis
  • Provides a comparative evaluation of technologies used for defluoridation
  • Gives a comprehensive account of human health effects with appropriate scientific descriptions and photographs
  • Includes detailed descriptions on the geochemistry of fluoride entry into groundwater aquifers
  • Presents a case study that deals with the successful removal of fluoride from drinking water

A vital resource for environmental and public health officials as well as academic researchers in the area, Fluoride in Drinking Water: Status, Issues, and Solutions covers human health issues associated with fluoride-rich water and describes relevant techniques for defluoridation that can be used to overcome the stress, issues, and challenges of natural fluoride in drinking water.

Table of Contents

Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Global Perspective
Drinking-Water Scenario
Geogenic Pollutants
Fluoride in Humans
Genesis of Fluoride in Groundwater

Scenario of Fluoride Pollution

Global Scenario

Dental Fluorosis

Dental Effects of Fluoride
Dental Fluorosis: History and Occurrence
Development of Dental Fluorosis

Skeletal Fluorosis

Action of Fluoride on Bone
Fluoride Exposure Level and Skeletal Fracture
Skeletal Fluorosis
Fluoride Level and Effects Related to Skeletal Fluorosis
Significance of Other Factors
Recent Developments

Stress Effects of Fluoride on Humans

Nonskeletal Fluorosis
Fluoride and Cancer
Fluoride and Gastrointestinal System
Other Health Effects

Fluoride in the Environment and Its Toxicological Effects

Sources of Environmental Exposure
Environmental Transport, Distribution, and Transformation
Environmental Levels and Human Exposure
Effects of Fluoride on Laboratory Animals and in vitro Systems
Effect of Fluoride on Aquatic Organisms
Effect of Fluoride on Plants
Effect of Fluoride on Animals
Guidelines Values and Standards

Defluoridation Techniques: An Overview

Co-precipitation of Fluoride
Electrochemical Methods
Membrane Processes
Defluoridation Techniques: A Summary

Adsorptive Removal of Fluoride: A Case Study

Materials and Methods
Batch Studies
Theoretical and Mathematical Formulations
Results and Discussions
Summary of the Case Study
Conclusions of the Case Study

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A. K. Gupta earned a PhD in environmental science and engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India. Currently, he is a professor in the environmental engineering division of the civil engineering department at the Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India, and he is actively involved in teaching, research, and consultancy. His research interests include water treatment, environmental impact assessment, monitoring, and modeling of air and water pollution, and geogenic pollutant scavenging. He has more than 60 publications in top-ranking international journals and is a renowned technical consultant in the arena of environmental engineering.

S. Ayoob is a professor in the department of civil engineering and the principal of the TKM College of Engineering, Kerala, India. He graduated in civil engineering from the TKM College of Engineering, Kollam, India, and earned his master’s and doctoral degrees at the Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India. He also served as course leader and headed the department of health, safety, and environmental management at the International College of Engineering and Management, the Sultanate of Oman (affiliated with the University of Central Lancashire, UK) for a short period of time.


"This book recorded the outstanding feat of a chemist who in the 1930s managed to measure a few ppm of fluoride in water; in the days before ion selective electrodes and other modern means, this was a magnificent achievement.
Each chapter concludes with a comprehensive list of up-to-date references and a summary of the main points and conclusions; a useful practice which might well be followed by other authors."
Chromatographia 2016