1st Edition

Flyrock in Surface Mining Origin, Prediction, and Control

By Autar K. Raina Copyright 2024
    226 Pages 61 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book provides a comprehensive understanding of historical and recent research, with a critical review of several aspects of the flyrock phenomenon, along with classification of pertinent literature. This puts flyrock into proper perspective and develops a comprehensive regime for flyrock prediction and control. It also addresses the blast danger zone demarcation based on scientific understanding in comparison to the consequence-based approach supported by pertinent case studies.


    • Discusses exclusive material on flyrock in surface mining
    • Presents comprehensive and critical review of the flyrock phenomenon
    • Reviews prediction and control mechanisms in vogue with scientific and risk-based definitions of blast danger zone
    • Provides new insights into the flyrock definitions, prediction, and prevention along with the research approach to the problem
    • Includes Indian case studies and summarize global data available in the published domain

    This book is aimed at researchers and graduate students in mining and civil engineering, engineering geology, and blasting.

    1. Introduction 2. Flyrock! What is it? 3. The True Nature of Flyrock 4. Prediction of Flyrock Distance 5. Blast Danger Zone 6. Flyrock – “CAP IT” 7. Flyrock Control Document



    Autar K. Raina is at present working as Chief Scientist in the Mining Technology Department at Nagpur Research Center of CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, India. He is also Professor at the Academy of Excellence in Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), India. A gold medalist in Post Graduate studies, he has a Ph.D. in Mining Engineering from IIT-ISM, Dhanbad and M.Sc. (Gold Medalist), M.Phil., and Ph.D. in Geology from the University of Jammu, India, to his credit. He is a recipient of the coveted National Mineral (now Geosciences) Award from the Ministry of Mines, Government of India, in addition to several other awards, certificates of merit, and appreciations from the industry for different contributions to rock blasting and use of IT in Mining. With a research experience of more than 25 years in several aspects of blasting like fragmentation, human response to blasting, flyrock, and ground vibrations, he has published more than 150 papers in national and international journals with 16 papers on the subject of flyrock. He has several books, book chapters, and edited chapters on rock blasting to his credit and is on the reviewer panel of several international journals of repute. He has conducted research on several aspects of blasting and selection methodology of tunnel boring machines through several government-funded research projects. He has guided several students for their Ph.D., M.S., and B.E. dissertations. Fragalyst— a digital image analysis software for blast fragmentation measurement—has been consistently upgraded by him for the advantage of mining industry along with other IT apps for rockmass classification and blast design like Blast Design and Database Analysis System (BD2MAS) wherein he has several patents and copyrights to his credit.