This book contains papers on the study of the oyatoi gailcokujin (foreign employees) in Meiji Japan presented at the Fukui conference held at the Fukui University in the autumn of 1985. It is an extension of The Modernizers published at the Rutgers conference.
1. Introduction Part One: The Yatoi Phenomenon 2. The Yatoi Phenomenon: An Early Experiment in Technical Assistance 3. Live Machines Revisited Part Two: Case Studies: North American Views 4. William Elliot Griffis: The Tokyo Years, 1872—1874 5. Science and Civilization in Early Meiji Japan: The "Autobiographical Notes" 6. William Smith Clark, Yatoi, 1826—1886 7. Encounters with an Alien Culture: Americans Employed 8. Westernizing Influences in the Early Modernization of Japanese Women's Education, 9. Principles and Pragmatism: The Yatoi in the Field of Art 10. Edward Warren Claik and the Formation of the Shizuoka and Koishikawa Christian Bands (1871—1879) Part Three: Case Studies: Japanese Views 11. Contributions of Edward S. Morse to Developing Young Japan 12. Margaret C. Griffis and the Education of Women in Early Meiji Japan 13. American Professors in the Development of Hokkaido: The Case of the Sapporo Agricultural College (SAC) 14. Engineering and Technical Yatoi in the Public Works Department of Meiji Japan 15. William Elliot Griffis' Lecture Notes on Chemistry 16. Frederic Marshall as an Employee of the Japanese Legation in Paris Part Four: Archival Resources 17. Primary Manuscript and Printed Sources for Studying the Yatoi: The William Elliot Griffis Papers and Related Special Collections at Rutgers University