Forensic Human Identification: An Introduction, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Forensic Human Identification

An Introduction, 1st Edition

Edited by Tim Thompson, Sue Black

CRC Press

544 pages | 235 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2006-11-14
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Description

Identity theft, criminal investigations of the dead or missing, mass disasters both by natural causes and by criminal intent – with this as our day to day reality, the establishment and verification of human identity has never been more important or more prominent in our society. Maintaining and protecting the integrity of out identity has reached levels of unprecedented importance and has led to international legislation to protect our human rights.

Forensic Human Identification: An Introduction examines the variety of biological indicators that are available to investigators and illustrates the basic principles of each discipline. While DNA and fingerprints are clearly the favored methods of identification, they require a prior record and verifiable baseline for comparison. When these tools cannot be used it is necessary to employ those biological factors with higher variation and lower diagnostic probability. This reference introduces a number of different specialties such as, foot- and earprinting, dental interventions, skeletal anomalies, tattoos, facial reconstruction, personal effects, and handwriting.

While recognizing that no single factor is an absolute indicator of identity, the contributors explain how a multitude of factors taken into summative consideration can establish a probability for confirmation. They discuss the difference between positive and probable identification and the use of exclusion to confirm identity. Using three high profile case studies, the book addresses the context of human identification in today’s society and illustrates the use of techniques described in the text.

Heavily referenced and using more than 120 charts, figures, photographs, and tables, Forensic Human Identification: An Introduction provides detailed introductory and extended information to newcomers and experts alike on the wide range of identification techniques in international practice.

Reviews

“For any forensic scientist who is, or potentially will be, involved in the identification of the living or the dead, this volume is a requirement for your reference bookcase.”

—Diane Cockle, Cpl. (M.A.), Forensic Identification Operations Support Services (FIOSS), RCMP, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Table of Contents

Part A

BIOLOGICAL INDICATORS AND

METHODS OF DETERMINATION

IDENTIFICATION FROM

BIOMOLECULAR EVIDENCE

DNA

Stable Isotope Fingerprinting —

Chemical Element “DNA”?

IDENTIFICATION FROM LATENT PRINTS

Fingerprints

Earprints

IDENTIFICATION FROM THE SOFT TISSUES

Physical Appearance

Soft Tissue Pathology

Soft Tissue Trauma

Surgical Intervention

Hair and Nail

IDENTIFICATION FROM THE HARD TISSUES

Odontology

Osteology

Radiography

FACIAL IDENTIFICATION

Facial Anthropology and Reconstruction

Facial Recognition and Imagery Analysis

Identifying Persons by Their Iris Patterns

IDENTIFICATION FROM METHODS OF

COMMUNICATION

Handwriting

IDENTIFICATION FROM PODIATRY

AND WALKING

The Foot

Footwear Marks

Gait

IDENTIFICATION FROM PERSONAL EFFECTS

Personal Effects

Body Modification

Part B

THE CONTEXT AND SIGNIFICANCE OF

FORENSIC HUMAN IDENTIFICATION

THE CONTEXT OF FORENSIC

HUMAN IDENTIFICATION

Identity Fraud and Theft

Biometric Identity Cards

Missing Persons in the United Kingdom

Crimes Against Humanity and Other War Crimes

FORENSIC HUMAN IDENTIFICATION

CASE STUDIES

The Rolex Murder, Southwest England

The “Adam” Case, London

The World Trade Center — September 11, 2001

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW026000
LAW / Criminal Law / General
SOC002020
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Anthropology / Physical
SOC003000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Archaeology