Ted Kaczynski's manifesto.
The ransom note for Jon Benét Ramsey.
The anthrax letters threatening our government and media agencies.
With the aid of forensic linguistics, the words criminals leave behind in their unsigned letters can be as distinctive as a signature or voice. Although the linguistic study of language is well established, this important analytical tool is something new for many jurors, judges, attorneys, and other forensic specialists dealing with both criminal and civil cases. Forensic Linguistics: Advances in Forensic Stylistics provides an introduction to the field for those who need to understand what linguist-witnesses do, and aids those experts who need to talk about what they do in non-technical terms.
Stylistics is an identification method which seeks to match one piece of writing to another by analyzing such factors as spelling, text arrangement, abbreviations, word formation, characteristic words and phrases, and syntax. Forensic Linguistics: Advances in Forensic Stylistics documents current advances in this field, including quantitative methods of data analysis, a new way to provide scientific standardization, and new research directed at providing baseline data for determining the significance of style markers.
The book begins with concise coverage of linguistics and writing. It then focuses on the specifics of stylistics, including summaries of over 70 authorship cases. Finally, it presents chapters covering style and stylistics in Spanish, Gujarati, Korean, and Japanese. With a clear and comprehensive presentation, Forensic Linguistics: Advances in Forensic Stylistics helps readers understand recent advances in the theory and method of forensic stylistics for authorship identification.
Table of Contents
Variation in Language
Variation as Ordered Heterogeneity
Group Vis-á-Vis Individual Variation
The Analysis of Variation
Language as a Discrete Combinatorial System
Another Discrete Combinatorical System: DNA
Areas of Forensic Linguistics
Areas Directly Related to Forensic Linguistics
Areas Inaptly Related to Forensic Linguistics
The Concept of Style
Style in Language
Evaluation Vis-á-Vis Description of Style
Group Vis-á-Vis Individual Styles
Style in Language
Models of Analysis
Procedural Outline for Authorship Identification Studies
THE DESCRIPTION OF STYLE
The Qualitative Analysis of Style
An Example of Qualitative Analysis
THE MEASUREMENT OF STYLE
The Quantitative Analysis of Style
Statistical Tests for Significance of Variables
Measures of Authorship Discrimination
Corpus Development of American English
Forensic Applications of Linguistic Stylistics
Legal Definitions of Stylistics
Linguistic Stylistics as Evidence
Issues in Forensic Stylistic Analysis
The Linguist as Expert Witness
CASE STUDY: JON BENÉT RAMSEY
STYLISTIC VARIATION IN AUTHORSHIP CASES
Cases in Forensic Linguistics
Examples of Unadjudicated Cases
Style Markers Found in 80 Authorship Cases
STYLE AND STYLISTICS OF SPANISH WRITING
Spanish-Language Style and Stylistics
Style Markers: A Small Corpus of Mexican American Writing
Spanish-Language Cases: Linguistics and Stylistics
STYLISTIC FEATURES OF GUJARATI LETTER WRITING: A NOTE, P.J. Mistry
Ten Characteristics Common to All Letters
STYLE AND STYLISTICS OF KOREAN WRITING, Dongdoo Choi
Findings and Discussion
STYLE AND STYLISTICS OF JAPANESE, Wakako Yasuda
The Japanese Writing System
Data Collection and Corpus Development
Analysis and Findings
Possible Questions and Responses for Attorney's Direct Examination
Expert Testimony, Susan Morton
"… It will undoubtedly be received as a standard text on the subject …"
-Roy Huber, author of Handwriting Analysis