1st Edition

Forensic Pathoradiology of Virtual Autopsy

By Sudhir K Gupta Copyright 2024
    370 Pages 775 Color & 22 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    370 Pages 775 Color & 22 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    370 Pages 775 Color & 22 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Virtual autopsy is a burgeoning field that employs imaging methods to find the cause of death. This book critically analyses and compares different post-mortem features and their radiological appearance in diverse cases. It orients the forensic doctors trained in traditional autopsy to understand the radiological appearance of their gross findings and the radiologists to comprehend the pathology in an imaging study. Further, it provides the standard operating protocols to be followed in different cases. This can be an alternative to standard autopsies for broad and systemic examination of the whole body as it saves time, aids better diagnosis, and respects religious sentiments.

    Key features:

    • Provides the reader with an in-depth review of the value of a CT-directed virtual autopsy complementing a regular autopsy and how it can enhance the quality of medico-legal death investigation in a jurisdiction.
    • Bridges the gap between the specialities of Forensic Medicine and Radiology and helps the readers co-relate and understand the concept of Virtual Autopsy.
    • Features over 500 original autopsy photographs and CT images with over 100 case reports including a stepwise approach to each case along with comparative radiological images.


    About the author

    1. Concept of Virtual Autopsy

    2. Head- Anatomy, trauma, and pathology

    3. Thorax- Anatomy, trauma, and pathology

    4. Abdomen- Anatomy, trauma, and pathology

    5. Neck - Anatomy & Asphyxial Deaths

    i. Hanging. ii. Strangulation. iii. Drowning. iv. Gagging. v. Choking. vi. Aspiration.

    6. Limbs- Anatomy, trauma, and pathology

    7. Sudden Death

    i. Cardiovascular System. ii. Respiratory System. iii. Central Nervous System

    8. Identification

    i. Stature Estimation. ii. Age Assessment. iii. Sex Determination.

    9. Postmortem changes

    10. CT Artefacts and its Postmortem aspects

    11. Virtual Autopsy Cases

    i. Road traffic accidents. ii. Falls from height. iii. Gunshot wounds. iv. Stab injury.



    Dr Sudhir K Gupta is the Professor & Head, Department Of Forensic Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.   He excelled right from his undergraduate times, securing a Gold Medal in the MBBS examination. He completed his post-Graduation from Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India and was awarded Diplomate in National Board. He is a well-known teacher and researcher in AIIMS, New Delhi for the past 28 years and has also been recognized by the Indian Association of Medicolegal Experts. He has worked towards sensitization of the doctors working in the mortuaries to handle the deceased in addition to inculcating an aura of respect and teaching the doctors how to treat their work with utmost dignity. Ever since he took the mantle of the Head of Department of Forensic Medicine in 2013, he started to work towards converting the AIIMS Mortuary into a Centre of Excellence for Forensic studies. He remains member of many State service commission and Union service commission in confidential assignments.    Dr Sudhir K Gupta is the pioneer of Virtual Autopsy in India, by establishing a dedicated AIIMS & ICMR Centre of Advanced Research and Excellence in Virtual Autopsy, a first of its kind in India and South Asia. He has also been awarded a fellowship from the Windsor University, Canada. His work has been internationally recognized across the globe from Australia to the United States of America.

    Dr Sudhir K Gupta has been associated with AIIMS for more than a quarter of century and has used the opportunity to promote progress in the field of Forensic Medicine. He has served the Nation and has helped in bringing justice through Forensic investigations in various challenging cases in partnership with the CBI, NIA, NHRC, Delhi Police, various state police and all the levels of judiciary. He has served at AIIMS teaching MBBS, MD, PhD students and providing specialized training to National and International doctors. Besides India, he has also received recognition for his work in the field of Forensic Medicine by Coroners Association of Europe, America, Scotland Yard Police-UK, FBI and police of other countries like Australia, Taiwan, Singapore, and all Asian countries. He has been recognized by American Association of Surgeons and was invited in USA for training in Emergency and Trauma Care in 2005 with CME credit and was even made a member of technical specification committee for initiating Trauma Centre, AIIMS in 2005.The Forensic Medicine Department has attained new horizons under his stewardship and has established various new facilities such as the 24 hours embalming facility, forensic radiology unit, Virtual Autopsy unit, DNA laboratory and modern toxicology laboratory. He has promoted the establishment of cadaver organ retrieval facility for therapeutic transplantation. Several other facilities like modular odourless autopsy suite are also in the process of being established. Recently the Delhi High Court expressed its gratitude and appreciated his efforts for preserving and conducting a third autopsy on an Indian Citizen about 14 months after his death in Saudi Arabia. He has published more than 150 scientific papers in different National and International Medical Journals and has six Chapters in Books and Textbook of Legal Medicine. He has authored two Books titled, ‘Forensic Medicine and Toxicology’ and a book titled, ‘Forensic Pathology of Asphyxial Deaths’ by CRC Press of USA. Under his headship, a record number of cornea donations has taken place in the time period of 2013 to 2021 at AIIMS, New Delhi. He is working on a research project to assess the viability of different organs and tissues after death for transplantation purposes. As a doctor one of his missions is to establish a breakthrough cadaver organ retrieval facility which would save countless lives. He has collaborated with an NGO to provide free hearse van services to help in the cremation of the deceased who belong to the poor section of society. Dr Sudhir Kumar Gupta holds the record of being the first autopsy surgeon to be awarded fellowship diploma by International College of Surgeons, Chicago. He has developed an ultra-modern toxicology lab with analytical instruments like GCHS, HPLC, Trace metal analyser, UV visible double beam spectro-photometry, TLC, Biochemistry analyser, Microwave digestion unit. The laboratory is currently serving as a nodal centre for alcohol estimation in MLC cases of South and Southeast Delhi and is a registered centre for estimation of Mercury in biological samples for global Mercury Lab databank as per UNEP. He was awarded Medical Doctor of the year in 2010.

    The list of the prominent cases of National and International repute handled by Dr Sudhir Gupta for CBI and other Investigating agencies:  Virtual Autopsy of Veteran actor-comedian Raju Shrivastava, 2022., CBI Delhi/ Investigation in the death of Sh. Y.S. Vivekananda, brother of previous Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, 2022, CBI Chandigarh/ Investigation of the death of 3 children in canal at Panipat, 2022, CBI Delhi/ Investigation to identify individuals in objectionable photo/videos, 2022, CBI Kolkata/ Investigation in the death of Sh. Niranjan Baishnab, an eye witness to a murder case, 2022, CBI Shimla/ Investigation on the death of Mr. Parveen Sharma, 2022, Delhi Police/ Facial reconstruction & skull superimposition of unidentified dead body, 2022, Investigation of the death of Mr. Devendar Kumar on the directions of Hon’ble Tiz Hazari Court, Delhi, 2022, Examination of mortal remains of Foreign Secretary Late. Jaswinder Singh, External Affairs Ministry, 2022, Delhi Police/ Investigation in the death of Yogesh K Jude, 2022, NIA Jammu/ Forensic analysis of exhibits containing medicines, 2022, CBI Kolkata/ Investigation of Post-Poll Violence Deaths of Kolkata in 2021 & 2022, CBI Kolkata/ Investigation of Post-Poll Violence Deaths of Kolkata in 2021, CBI Delhi/ Investigation of Bakoria Encounter case, CBI Delhi/ Death investigation of Late Dheeraj Ahalawat, Vice President, Yes Bank, 2021, Death investigation of Priyanka Sharma case, Triple murder by Thallium poisoning, 2021, CBI Delhi/ Investigation of alleged Medical negligence in death of Ms. Rosy Sangma, CBI Vishakapatnam/ Investigation of death of Ms. Ayesha Meera in Vijaywada, 2021, CBI Delhi/ Investigation of Child sexual abuse in Goa and Bhiwandi Maharashtra, 2021, CBI Delhi/ Investigation of Online Child Sexual Abuse &exploitation (OCSAE) Prevention, 2021, CBI Delhi/Investigation of Chitrakoot Child Sexual Abuse Case/ examine the accused and 30 abused children, 2021, CBI Kolkata/Investigation of a suspicious hanging death of a girl student in her school hostel in Manipur, which created public unrest in the state 2020, CBI Delhi Online Child Sexual abuse and Exploitation (OCSAE) Prevention/ Investigation Unit/ Cases of Child Pornography 2020, CBI Chandigarh Case/ murder case of Sukhamnpreet Singh@ Sippy Siddhu, 2020, CBI Lucknow/ Death investigation of Mr PravishChman who died in a Rock Concert in Greater Noida, 2020, Death Investigation of Indian Film Star Sushant Singh Rajput 2020, Disha Gangarape and Murder Case/Appointed as Chairman of Medical Board to conduct Second Autopsy of four accused killed in exchange of fire, 2019, Homicide of Mr Rohit Shekhar Tiwari S/O Veteran Politician Late Mr N D Tiwari, 2019, CBI/Investigation of Gang Rape and custodial death of father of victim in Unnao 2018, CBI/ Death Investigation of Finnish Citizen Mr Felix Dahl Valdimar in Goa, The Demise of Mrs Sunanda Pushkar, Supreme Court monitored CBI enquiry in more than forty cases of extrajudicial killings in Manipur, Death of Cabinet Minister Sh Gopi Nath Munde in road traffic accident by CBI, CBI/Sheena Bora murder case Mumbai, CBI/Death of IAS officer Anurag Tiwari in Lucknow / CBI, CBI/Investigation of Promila Gandhi mysterious death Case Chennai, CBI/Inquiry in Sara Singh Murder case, Lucknow, CBI/Shimla gang rape and custodial death case, Kotkhai, CBI/ Investigation in Suicide by IAS officer DK Ravi./CBI Investigation, Reinvestigation by CBI in Death of Dr Y S Sachan, an accused in NHRM scam, Jessica Lal murder case. The High court of Delhi, NIA investigation of  Vidyacharan Shukla ex Union Minister  Bomb blast death, Scribe Nirupma Pathak Case, Uphaar fire Tragedy cases, Nitish Katara Murder case, BMW Lodhi Road accident case, Shivani Bhatnagar murder case, Judicial inquiry in Ram Singh death main accused in Nirbhaya case, Tihar Jail, CBI/ Invesigation of Dy SP Mangalore, M K Ganpathy death, Karnataka, Deputed by the High Court of Madras to supervise the autopsy in custodial death of P Ramkumar, the accused in public hacking of a female Infosys employee, Deputed by the High Court of Madras for third autopsy of Ilavarsana Chennai, CBI/Geetanjali Garg, wife of Chief Judicial Magistrate, Gurgaon, death case, CBI/Death of journalist Akshay Singh, /VYAPAM Scam in Madhya Pradesh, CBI/Puja Mishra Death case, CBI /Denisye Carole Sweeney death investigation/British citizen found dead in Goa, Death investigation of a teenage couple in a suspected rape/drowning in Jind and Kurukshetra which shocked the entire Haryana State, CBI/Suicide of AIIMS Rishikesh Student, CBI/Suspected Gang rape and murder of a minor girl in Haridwar.