A laboratory companion to Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques and other undergraduate texts, Forensic Science Laboratory Manual and Workbook, Third Edition provides a plethora of basic, hands-on experiments that can be completed with inexpensive and accessible instrumentation, making this an ideal workbook for non-science majors and an excellent choice for use at both the high school and college level.
This revised edition of a bestselling lab manual provides numerous experiments in odontology, anthropology, archeology, chemistry, and trace evidence. The experiments cover tests involving body fluid, soil, glass, fiber, ink, and hair. The book also presents experiments in impression evidence, such as fingerprints, bite marks, footwear, and firearms, and it features digital and traditional photography and basic microscopy.
All of the experiments incorporate practical elements to facilitate the learning process. Students must apply the scientific method of reasoning, deduction, and problem-solving in order to complete the experiments successfully and attain a solid understanding of fundamental forensic science. Each of the 39 chapters features a separate experiment and includes teaching goals, offers the requisite background knowledge needed to conduct the experiments, and lists the required equipment and supplies. The book is designed for a cooperative learning setting in which three to five students comprise a group. Using the hands-on learning techniques provided in this manual, students will master the practical application of their theoretical knowledge of forensics.
Table of Contents
Experiment 1. Introduction to Scientific Measurement and Experimental Error — Determining the Density of Glass
Experiment 2. Understanding Elements of Identification and Individualization
Experiment 3. Use of the Compound Microscope
Experiment 4. Stereomicroscopes and Firing Pin Impressions (Tool Marks)
Experiment 5. Acquiring and Classifying Inked and Latent Fingerprints
Experiment 6. Identification and Matching of Fingerprints
Experiment 7. Cyanoacrylate "Super Glue" Fuming Technique to Develop Latent Fingerprints
Experiment 8. Crime Scene Investigation: Safeguarding, Searching, Recognition, Documentation, Collection, Packaging, and Preservation of Physical Evidence Found at the Crime Scene
Experiment 9. Trace Evidence Collection and Sorting
Experiment 10. Sample Preparation for Microscopic Examination
Experiment 11. Examination of Human Hair
Experiment 12. Examination of Mammalian Hair
Experiment 13. Measurement with the Microscope
Experiment 14. Examination of Trace Quantities of Synthetic Fibers
Experiment 15. Basics of Photography
Experiment 16. Black-and-White Film Development
Experiment 17. Collection of Footwear Evidence
Experiment 18. Identification and Comparison of Footwear Impressions
Experiment 19. Tool Mark Examination
Experiment 20. Glass Fractures and Direction of Force
Experiment 21. Thin-Layer Chromatography: Separation of Dyes in Ballpoint Inks
Experiment 22. Bloodstain Geometry (Part A)
Experiment 23. Bloodstain Geometry (Part B)
Experiment 24. Forgery Detection
Experiment 25. Soil Examination
Experiment 26. Forensic Odontology 1: Is it a Bite Mark?
Experiment 27. Forensic Odontology 2: Who Made the Questioned Bite Mark?
Experiment 28. Forensic Archeology: Search for Human Habitation and Remains
Experiment 29. Forensic Anthropology 1: Basic Human Osteology
Experiment 30. Forensic Anthropology 2: Examination of Grave Site Bones
Experiment 31. Digital Photography Image Processing
Experiment 32. Chromatography 2: Identification of a Single-Component Solvent by Gas Chromatography
Experiment 33. Spectroscopy 1: Methods for the Identification of Materials Based
on Their Absorption of Light of Various Wavelengths and Identification of Polymer Films by FTIR
Experiment 34. Spectroscopy 2: Use of Visible Spectroscopy in Color Determination
Experiment 35. Quantitative Ethyl Alcohol Determination by Gas Chromatography
Experiment 36. Forensic Entomology
Experiment 37. Basic Ballistics
Experiment 38. Basic Ballistics 2
Experiment 39. Crime Scene Drawing with Microsoft Word
Appendix 1. Reference Data for Polymer Films
Thomas Kubric and Nicholas Petraco are professors at John Jay College in New York City.