Forest Certification: Roots, Issues, Challenges, and Benefits, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Forest Certification

Roots, Issues, Challenges, and Benefits, 1st Edition

Edited by Daniel J Vogt, Bruce C Larson, John C Gordon, Anna Fanzeres

CRC Press

400 pages

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pub: 1999-11-29
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Description

Forest certification has been widely accepted as a tool that would encourage industrial and non-industrial management of resources in an environmentally acceptable, socially beneficial and economically viable manner. Much has been written on certification yet five issues have been missing, which this book addresses: an analysis of the scientific basis for the certification standards; a formal and mechanistic incorporation of social and natural system sustainability as part of the standards; the rationale for the different sets of standards that are currently being used to certify governmental, industrial and non-industrial organizations; the success of the different sets of standards in assessing the environmental acceptability, social benefits and economic viability of the managed system; and, the difficulty of certifying small landowners with current protocols.

Forest Certification examines the historical roots of forest certification, the factors that guide the development of certification protocols, the players involved in certification, the factors determining the customers to be certified, and the benefits of certification. The book also covers the terminology and other issues intrinsic to certification that direct the structure of standards, the similarities between indicators of different human disturbances within the ecosystem/landscape and certification standards, and, finally, a case study evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of existing certification protocols.

Forest Certification is unique in its analysis of the scientific basis for the structure of the forest certification protocols. It documents the roles of human values in the development of assessment protocols but demonstrates how elements of existing protocols should be used to produce non-value based standards.

Reviews

"…provides a valuable comparison of certifying organizations and their protocols. In addition, it clearly acknowledges that many of the issues underpinning forest certification are, like forestry itself, value-laden products of our own emerging understanding if the social and ecological systems that make up natural resource use and management. As such, it provides valuable advice to both certifiers and landowners."

-Dr. Steven R. Radosevich in Forest Science

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Table of Contents

ISSUES IN FOREST CERTIFICATION

Improvements Crucial to Successful Implementation of Forest Certification

Why Certification is Relevant

ROOTS OF FOREST CERTIFICATION: ITS DEVELOPMENTAL HISTORY, TYPES OF APPROACHES, AND STATISTICS

Origins of the Concept of Forest Certification

Other Relevant Initiatives in Forest Certification

The Certification of Environmental Claims in Industrialized Countries

Analysis of Forest Certification Approaches

Current Statistics and Characterization of Certified Forests by Ownership Type and Land Area

DEFINITIONS AND CURRENT VALUES INTEGRATED INTO CERTIFICATION PROTOCOLS

Defining Terminology

Value-Laden Issues of Certification

CASE STUDY AND EVALUATION OF THE DOMINANT CERTIFICATION PROTOCOLS

Relevance of Toumey Forest to Assess Certification Protocols

Analysis of the Elements Comprising the Dominant Certification Protocols as structured in January 1998

Case Study: Student Evaluation of Protocols at Yale's Toumey Forest

INDICATORS RELEVANT FOR INCLUSION IN ASSESSMENTS: TYPES, MINIMUM NUMBER, AND THOSE DERIVED FROM NON-HUMAN VALUES

Indicators Selection Criteria

Non-Value-Based Parameters Relevant for Incorporation into Certification

Social Legacies Constraining Natural Resource Uses

DIRECT AND INDIRECT IMPACTS OF NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON THE ECOSYSTEM

Introduction

Forest Management Activities Leading to Regeneration

Forest Management Activities Not Associated with Regeneration

Infrastructure Related to Forest Management Activities

Summary

SYNTHESIS DISCUSSION OF ISSUES RELEVANT TO CERTIFICATION

Necessity of Assessing the Landscape's Matrix Within Which a Management Unit is Embedded

Social and Natural Science Links

Public Participation in Certification

Importance and Participation of Non-Industrial Private Forests

Certification: Constraints and Opportunities for Non-Industrial Private Forest Landowners

Estimating Price Premiums Necessary to Pay for Forest Certification

Chain of Custody as an Impediment to Certification

Challenges and Opportunities for Tropical Timber Certification: Mexico's Experience

CHALLENGES AND BENEFITS OF CERTIFICATION

Summary Discussion of the Advantages and Challenges of Certification

Reason for Forestland Owners Not To Become Certified

The Past and Future Goals of Certification

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NAT010000
NATURE / Ecology
SCI011000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Botany
SCI086000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General
TEC003000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General