Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition, 3rd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Forest Hydrology

An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition, 3rd Edition

By Mingteh Chang

CRC Press

598 pages | 118 B/W Illus.

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Due to its height, density, and thickness of crown canopy; fluffy forest floor; large root system; and horizontal distribution; forest is the most distinguished type of vegetation on the earth. In the U.S., forests occupy about 30 percent of the total territory. Yet this 30 percent of land area produces about 60 percent of total surface runoff, the major water resource area of the country. Any human activity in forested areas will inevitably disturb forest floors and destroy forest canopies, consequently affecting the quantity, quality, and timing of water resources.

Thoroughly updated and expanded, Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition discusses the concepts, principles, and processes of forest and forest activity impacts on the occurrence, distribution, and circulation of water and the aquatic environment.

  • Brings water resources and forest-water relations into a single, comprehensive textbook
  • Focuses on the concepts, processes, and general principles in forest hydrology
  • Covers functions, properties, and science of water; water distribution; forests and precipitation, vaporization, stream flow, and stream sediment
  • Discusses watershed management planning and practical applications of forest hydrology in resource management

In a single textbook, Forest Hydrology: An Introduction to Water and Forests, Third Edition comprehensively covers water and water resources issues, forest characteristics relevant to the environment, forest impacts in the hydrological cycle, watershed research, watershed management planning, and hydrologic measurements. With the addition of new chapters, new issues, and appendices, this new edition is a valuable resource for upper-level undergraduates in forest hydrology courses as well as professionals involved in water resources management and decision-making in forested watersheds.


"The third revised edition offers exhaustive information regarding

concepts, processes and fundamental principles of forest hydrology.

This publication discusses functional properties, distributions of

water, forests and precipitation, humidity, runoff, soils and

sedimentation and also research approaches in the forest and water. In

addition, the watershed management and practical applications in forest

hydrology and water recourse managements are also discussed in this


—Nachrichten, Neue Publikationen,2013

Praise for the First Edition

A textbook for most forest hydrology courses should not only cover topics on forest impacts on water but also provide the basics of water properties, movement, and storage in the atmosphere, soil matrix, and surface water bodies. Putting both major topic areas in one manageable textbook requires trade-offs that do not dilute either subject area too much, but rather skillfully blend the two together. Mingteh Chang has done just that in writing this book.

—Richard C. Schultz, Professor of Forest Hydrology and Ecology, Iowa State University, in Forest Science, Vol. 49, No. 2

The book can be used as a text for students in agriculture, forestry, and land-resources management, and as a reference for foresters, rangers, geographers, watershed managers, biologists, agriculturalists, environmentalists, policy makers, engineers, and others who may need such background in their professions.

—Falhry A. Assaad, Consultant, Geologist, and Data Analyst

Table of Contents


Water Spectrum

Forest Spectrum

Issues and Perspectives

Functions of Water

Biological Functions

Chemical Functions

Physical Functions

Socioeconomic Functions

Mechanical Functions

Political Functions

Military Functions

Science of Water

Water in History


Properties of Water

Physical Properties

Hydraulic Properties

Chemical Properties

Biological Properties

Water Distribution


United States

Hydrologic Cycle

Water Resource Problems

Water Demand and Supply

Water Quantity

Water Quality

Water Rights

Characteristic Forests

A Natural Resource

Environmental Functions

Functional Forests

Threats to Forests

Forests and Climate Change

Forests and Precipitation

Precipitation Processes

Forest Interception

Snow Accumulation and Snowmelt

Do Forests Increase Precipitation?

Forests and Vaporization

Vaporization Processes

Sources of Energy


Forested versus Nonforested

Forests and Streamflow Quantity

Runoff Generation

Watershed Discharges


Forest Fires


Forests and Streamflow Quality

Water Pollutants

Sources of Water Pollution

Water Quality Determination

Forest Practices

Forests and Stream Sediment

Soil Erosion Processes

Watershed Gross Erosion

Estimation of Sediment Yield

Vegetation Effects

Trends in Sediment Loads of the World’s Rivers

Forests and Stream Habitat

Stream Habitat

Forest Impacts

Forest Fires

Forests and Flooding

Folklore and Fallacies

Flood Occurrences

Flood Measures

Forest Impacts

Watershed Management Planning and Implementation

Watershed Programs/Projects

Watershed Inventory

Watershed Analysis

Watershed Management Strategies

Watershed Management Plans

Watershed Assessment

Research in Forest Hydrology

Research Issues

Principles of Field Studies

Research Methods

The Wagon Wheel Gap Study

About the Author

Mingteh Chang, PhD, is Regents Professor of Forest Hydrology and Professor Emeritus within the Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture at Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Texas.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Botany
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply