1st Edition

Forever Chemicals Environmental, Economic, and Social Equity Concerns with PFAS in the Environment

Edited By David M. Kempisty, LeeAnn Racz Copyright 2021
    360 Pages 72 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Forever Chemicals: Environmental, Economic, and Social Equity Concerns with PFAS in the Environment provides the reader with an understanding of the complex and interwoven issues associated with per- and polyfluorinated substances (PFAS) in our environment. The chapters provide in-depth perspective into various issues, including health, regulation, detection, clean-up strategies and technologies, and more. Taken together or as the reader’s interests lead them, the variety of topics covered in the book present a balanced perspective on this complex topic.

    It will address the current state of PFAS and where indicators are pointing for future developments. The book is also a deeper investigation of the regulatory challenges, analytical hurdles, and toxicological progress to date for the suite of PFAS chemicals.


    • Explains the trends that will affect future policy and regulatory decisions
    • Looks holistically at 4000+ PFAS chemicals
    • Includes PFAS risk assessments at contaminated sites and biomonitoring insights
    • Provides in-depth discussions on remediation technologies
    • Illustrates quality and diversified content
    • Provides a balanced perspective on this complex topic

    Section I – Social Concerns


    Chapter 1 PFAS: Today and Tomorrow

    LeeAnn Racz and David M. Kempisty

    Chapter 2 Fluorine Free Foams: A Transition Guide

    Ian Ross, Peter Storch, Ted Schaefer, and Niall Ramsden

    Chapter 3 PFAS in Consumer Products: Exposures and Regulatory Approaches

    Simona Andrea Balan and Qingyu Meng

    Chapter 4 Regulatory Implications of PFAS

    J. Alan Roberson

    Chapter 5 The Analytical Conundrum

    Taryn McKnight

    Chapter 6 Landfills as Sources of PFAS Contamination in Soil and Groundwater

    Nanthi Bolan, Yubo Yan, Sammani Ramanayaka, P. Koliyabandara, Gayathri Chamanee, Raj Mukhopadhyay, Binoy Sarkar, Hasintha Wijesekara,Meththika Vithanage, and M.B. Kirkham


    Section II – Toxicology and Epidemiology


    Chapter 7 Exposure to PFAS: Biomonitoring Insights

    Kayoko Kato, Julianne Cook Botelho, and Antonia M. Calafat

    Chapter 8 State of the Science for Risk Assessment of PFAS at Contaminated Sites

    Jeanmarie M. Zodrow, Jennifer Anne Arblaster, and Jason Conder


    Section III – Remediation


    Chapter 9 Advances in Remediation of PFAS-impacted Waters

    John Anderson, Pingping Meng, Tim Sidnell, and Ian Ross

    Chapter 10 Effectiveness of Point-of-Use/Point-of-Entry Systems to Remove PFAS from Drinking Water

    Craig Patterson, Jonathan B. Burkhardt, Donald Schupp, E. Radha Krishnan, Stephen Dyment, Steven Merritt, Lawrence Zintek, and Danielle Kleinmaler

    Chapter 11 Removing PFAS from Water: From Start to Finish

    Caitlin Berretta, Tom Mallmann, Kyle Trewitz, and David M. Kempisty

    Chapter 12 Rapid Removal of PFAS from Investigation-derived Waste (IDW) in a Pilot-scale Plasma Reactor

    Raj Kamal Singh, Nicholas Multari, Chase Nau-Hix, Richard H. Anderson, Stephen D. Richardson, Thomas M. Holsen, and Selma Mededovic Thagard

    Chapter 13 Recent Advances in Oxidation and Reduction Processes for Treatment of Perfluoroalkyl Substances in Water

    Yaal Lester

    Chapter 14 Novel Cyclodextrin Polymer Adsorbents for PFAS Removal

    Yuhan Ling, Michael T. Payne, Shan Li, and Matthew J. Notter

    Chapter 15 Modeling Water Treatment Performance and Costs for Removal of PFAS from Drinking Water

    Jonathan B. Burkhardt, Richard H. Anderson, Rajiv Khera, Levi M. Haupert, Patrick Ransom, David G. Wahman, Page Jordan, Jonathan G. Pressman, Marc A. Mills, and Thomas F. Speth



    E-Resource Chapters available at http://www.routledge.com/9780367456405


    Chapter E1 Forever Chemicals: A Historical Perspective

    Joseph DiMisa

    Chapter E2 Toxicity Reference Values for Wildlife Exposed to PFAS

    Mark S. Johnson, Michael I. Quinn, Jr., Marc A. Williams, and Allison M. Narizzano

    Chapter E3 PFAS Fate and Transport in the Environment

    Ian Ross and Tim Sidnell

    Chapter E4 Risk-based Cost-benefit Analysis of Intervention Alternatives for PFAS-contaminated Groundwater

    Fiona Laramay, Diego Nocetti, and Michelle Crimi

    Chapter E5 Life Cycle Assessment of Alternative PFAS Treatment Solutions for Contaminated Groundwater

    Isaac Emery, David M. Kempisty, Brittany Fain, and Eric Mbonimpa


    David M. Kempisty is Senior Business Development Manager for Emerging Contaminants at Evoqua Water Technologies. He is a licensed engineer focusing on PFAS and contaminant removal technologies. As a member of Evoqua’s Environmental Solutions Technology and Innovation Team, he is involved with bench- and pilot-scale testing of activated carbons, ionic exchange resins, novel adsorbents, and innovative technologies. Prior to joining Evoqua, Dr. Kempisty served 22 years in the United States Air Force as a bioenvironmental engineer in a variety of capacities around the globe. As director of the Air Force graduate school’s Environmental Engineering and Science Program, his research investigated per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) and included toxicological studies, remedial investigations, and life cycle considerations of treatment alternatives. His research was recognized with awards from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Research and Development in 2017 and 2018. Dave earned his PhD from the University of Colorado-Boulder in Civil and Environmental Engineering in 2014 where he focused on removal of PFAS from groundwater using granular activated carbon. Dr. Kempisty earned his MS from the Air Force Institute of Technology and his BS from Michigan Technological University. Dr. Kempisty was lead editor of the text, Perfluoroalkyl Substances in the Environment, published in 2018, and has authored over 25 peer-reviewed papers and presentations on a variety of environmental topics. He maintains active memberships to multiple local and national professional organizations.


    LeeAnn Racz is President and Founder of ClearView Environmental Engineering and Consulting, LLC, providing environmental and occupational health services to clients around the world. Prior to this initiative, she served for 23 years as a bioenvironmental engineer and civil engineer in the US Air Force. Some highlights of Dr. Racz’s military assignments include squadron commander, chief of consultative services at the US Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, director of the Graduate Environmental Engineering and Science Program at the Air Force Institute of Technology. Dr. Racz is a licensed professional engineer, certified industrial hygienist, and board-certified environmental engineer. She earned a BS in environmental engineering from California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, an MS in biological and agricultural engineering from the University of Idaho, and a PhD in civil and environmental engineering from the University of Utah. She has authored dozens of refereed journal articles, conference proceedings, magazine articles, and presentations, and edited six handbooks. Dr. Racz is a member of several professional organizations and honor societies and has received numerous prestigious teaching and research awards.