This book connects the work of US private foundations, the US government, and Brazilian intellectuals to explore how they worked collaboratively to address racial disparities in Brazil during the Cold War. It reveals not only how anti-racism was promoted during this period, shaping the political and academic agenda, but also the importance of American foundations, especially the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, in the process.
Drawing on a vast array of archival and published sources from Brazil, the United States, and around the world, the book investigates the making of transnational connections and networks that sought to respond to the "race problem", seen as an increasingly dangerous threat to the liberal international order.
This book is especially relevant to the areas of Race Studies, Social Sciences, Latin-American Studies, Political Science and History, particularly the History of Sociology and Anthropology, as well as to studies about the role of American foundations in the Cold War period. It will also be of interest to activists, social scientists, economists, historians, journalists, NGOs, and INGOs.
Introduction: Communism, Racism, and the American Dilemma
1. The Cold War, the Social Sciences, and the Race Question: Brazil as a Lab
2. From Chicago to São Paulo: The Shaping of Florestan Fernandes’ Sociology of Race and Ethnic Relations
3. US-Brazilian Networks in UNESCO’s Anti-Racism Agenda
4. US-Latin American Exchange and Florestan Fernandes’ The Negro in Brazilian Society
5. The Ford Foundation, the Marginality Project, and Beyond: The Emergence of Nixon’s Style of Racial Policy
Elizabeth Cancelli, Gustavo Mesquita, and Wanderson Chaves