'The purpose of this book is to trace the opposition and interaction of two main causes of change in the Nineteenth century: the belief in freedom which was common to Liberals and Radicals, and the necessity for organization which arose through industrial and scientific technique.' - Bertrand Russell
A revealing account by one of the twentieth century's greatest minds, charting the struggle between two determining forces in nineteenth century history: freedom and control.
Russell's text sweeps from the defeat of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna to the lead up to the First World War. It is full of lively portraits, including Malthus, Mill, Bentham and Marx. Russell examines the founding of democracy in America and the struggle with slavery, and brings to life the ideas of Jefferson, Jackson and Lincoln.
Table of Contents
Part 1 The Principle of Legitimacy; Chapter 1 Napoleon's Successors; Chapter 2 The Congress of Vienna; Chapter 3 The Holy Alliance; Chapter 4 The Twilight of Metternich; Part 2 The March of Mind; The Social Background; Chapter 5 The Aristocracy; Chapter 6 Country Life; Chapter 7 Industrial Life; The Philosophical Radicals; Chapter 8 Malthus; Chapter 9 Bentham; Chapter 10 James Mill; Chapter 11 Ricardo; Chapter 12 The Benthamite Doctrine; Chapter 13 Democracy in England; Chapter 14 Free Trade; Socialism; Chapter 15 Owen and Early British Socialism; Chapter 16 Early Trade Unionism; Chapter 17 Marx and Engels; Chapter 18 Dialectical Materialism; Chapter 19 The Theory of Surplus Value; Chapter 20 The Politics of Marxism; Part 3 Democracy and Plutocracy in America; Democracy in America; Chapter 21 Jeffersonian Democracy; Chapter 22 The Settlement of the West; Chapter 23 Jacksonian Democracy; Chapter 24 Slavery and Disunion; Chapter 25 Lincoln and National Unity; Competition and Monopoly in America; Chapter 26 Competitive Capitalism; Chapter 27 The Approach to Monopoly; Part 4 Nationalism and Imperialism; Chapter 28 The Principle of Nationality; Chapter 29 Bismarck and German Unity; Chapter 30 The Economic Development of the German Empire; Chapter 31 Imperialism; Chapter 32 The Arbiters of Europe;