Freshwater ecosystems have the greatest species diversity per unit area and many endangered species. This book shows that, rather than being a marginal part of terrestrial protected area management, freshwater conservation is central to sustaining biodiversity. It focuses on better practices for conserving inland aquatic ecosystems in protected areas, including rivers, wetlands, peatlands, other freshwater and brackish ecosystems, and estuaries.
The authors define inland aquatic ecosystems, showing just how diverse and widespread they are. They examine the principles and processes that are essential for the conservation of freshwater ecosystems and aquatic species. Major categories of threats to freshwater ecosystems and the flow-on implications for protected area design are described. Practical case studies are used to illustrate principles and practices applied around the world. Specific management needs of the main types of freshwater ecosystems are considered, as well as the management of freshwaters in the broader landscape, showing how natural resource governance processes can be harnessed to better manage freshwater biodiversity. The book offers commentary on how to adapt freshwater conservation practices to climate change and ends with an insightful synthesis.
Table of Contents
1. An introduction to issues for managing freshwater ecosystems in protected areas
C.M Finlayson, A.H. Arthington and J. Pittock
2. Freshwater ecosystem types and extents
G.R. Milton and C.M. Finlayson
3. Freshwater ecological principles
A.H. Arthington, C.M Finlayson and J. Pittock
4. Defining and enhancing freshwater protected areas
V. Hermoso, M. Thieme, R. Abell, S. Linke and E. Turak
5. What is different about freshwater protected areas?
N. Dudley, D. Juffe-Bignoli and M. Kettunen
6. Managing threats to freshwater systems within protected areas
J. Pittock, L. Baumgartner, C.M. Finlayson, J.D. Thiem, J.P. Forbes, L.G.M. Silva and A.H. Arthington
7. Conserving freshwater species in protected areas
E. Turak and J. Pittock
8. Managing specific freshwater ecosystems
A.H. Arthington, C.M. Finlayson, D.J. Roux, J.L. Nel, W. Rast, R. Froend, J. Turpie and L. van Niekerk
9. Freshwater protected area corridors
J. Pittock, M. Thieme, E. Blom and D. Willems
10. Planning ecologically: the importance of management at catchment scales
R. Flitcroft, C. Little, J. Cabrera and I. Arismendi
11. Planning for the protection and management of freshwater ecosystems inside and outside protected areas
J.L. Nel and D.J. Roux
12. Managing freshwater protected areas in the global landscape
CM Finlayson, NC Davidson, PA Gell, R Kumar and RJ McInnes
13. Climate change and the management of freshwater protected areas
C.M. Finlayson and J. Pittock
14. Freshwater ecosystems in protected areas: a synthesis
C.M. Finlayson, A.H. Arthington and J. Pittock
C. Max Finlayson is Director of the Institute for Land, Water and Society and Professor for Ecology and Biodiversity at Charles Sturt University, Australia, and the Ramsar Chair for the Wise Use of Wetlands at IHE Delft, The Netherlands. He is a visiting Professor at the Institute for Wetland Research in the China Academy of Forestry.
Angela H. Arthington is an Emeritus Professor in the Australian Rivers Institute at Griffith University, Australia.
Jamie Pittock is an Associate Professor in the Fenner School of Environment and Society at The Australian National University, Australia.