Friction Ridge Skin: Comparison and Identification of Fingerprints, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Friction Ridge Skin

Comparison and Identification of Fingerprints, 1st Edition

By James F. Cowger

CRC Press

232 pages

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Hardback: 9780849395024
pub: 1992-09-18
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Here is a complete guide to the collection, classification, and comparison of friction skin prints and the determination of identity and nonidentity. It discusses: the cause and significance of variations in prints; the importance of class characteristics in print; the application of probability in decision making; and photographic techniques and considerations.


"The book belongs in the 'must have' category…the chapters on the taking of prints, photography, and classification are clear and succinct…When it comes to comparisons, most other texts take the approach of 'well, you just do'…The present text explains how…"

- Journal of Forensic Sciences

Table of Contents


Taking Inked Prints

Prints of the Living. Other Devices and Materials for Recording Prints. Major Criminal Prints. Printing Problem Suspects. Printing the Deceased.


Fingerprints. Palm Prints. Sole Prints.

The Evidence Print

The Latent Print. The Visible Print. The Plastic Impression. Locating, Developing, Preserving, and Collecting Evidence Prints. Determining the Age of an Evidence Print.

Photography of Prints and Impressions

The Camera. Film. Use of Colored Filters. Lighting.

The Basis of the Comparison

Class Characteristics. Individual Characteristics. Determining Identity.

Comparing Prints

Orienting the Evidence Print. Locating Minutiae. Tonally Reversed Prints. Laterally Reversed Prints. Distortion. Overlain Prints.

Some Comparisons of Evidence Prints

Reporting and Testifying to Conclusions



About the Series

Practical Aspects of Criminal and Forensic Investigations

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW / Forensic Science