1st Edition

From Blood Diamonds to the Kimberley Process How NGOs Cleaned Up the Global Diamond Industry

By Franziska Bieri Copyright 2010

    In the late 1990s, several non-governmental organizations (NGOs) focused world attention on the issue of conflict diamonds which funded wars, massive death, and refugee crises across Central and West Africa. Several governments, NGOs, and key industry players engaged in negotiations under the so-called Kimberley Process (KP). A voluntary global agreement came into effect leading to a substantial decline in illicit diamond trade. Despite its importance in international affairs, the KP remains understudied in academia. Franziska Bieri's book provides the first comprehensive account of the KP and is the first to reveal how NGOs have become critical actors in their own right, possessing the ability to directly influence policies and to participate in the decision making and the implementation of global agreements. In developing this argument, Bieri explains: why the NGO campaign to raise awareness was successful; why a rapid and comprehensive resolution on such a complex global problem was possible; how the tripartite negotiations between states, NGOs, and industry developed during the implementation of the agreement, which is an on-going process. Based on extensive personal interviews with prominent campaigners, leading bureaucrats, and industry officials, hundreds of KP publications, official UN documents, industry news, and NGO reports, this timely book allows for a much needed engagement in contemporary debates about the campaign against conflict diamonds, the Kimberley Process, and the themes defining today's global governance arena.

    Chapter 1 A Diamond is Forever. Or is It?; Chapter 2 Agenda Setting – “A Rebel is a Girl’s Best Friend”: Creating Global Concern for Blood Diamonds; Chapter 3 Decision-Making: The Creation of an Independent TriPart Ite Forum, the Kimberley Process; Chapter 4 The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme: A Voluntary Agreement, Not a Treaty; Chapter 5 Implementation: Translating Words into Action; Chapter 6 Revitalization: Resetting Agendas and Reinvigorating the Campaign; Chapter 7 Conclusions: Beyond Blood Diamonds;


    Franziska Bieri, Adjunct Professor, University of Maryland University College Europe, Germany

    'The book is a valuable contribution to the understanding of the Kimberley Process and the outstanding role of the NGOs in it.' Boaz Hirsch, Chair Kimberley Process 'From Blood Diamonds to the Kimberley Process: How NGOs Cleaned Up the Global Diamond Industry chronicles the important role of civil society in the high-profile campaign to end the trade of conflict diamonds. Accessible to scholars and non-specialists alike, Bieri's book will influence the study of conflict diamonds for years to come.' J. Andrew Grant, Queen's University, Canada 'Recommended.' Choice