This edited translation of Syed Nur Ahmad's landmark study, Martial Law to Martial Law, provides the most comprehensive study in English or Urdu of the politics of the Punjab. Drawing on his career as a journalist and as former director of information for the government of the Punjab, Nur Ahmad gives an eyewitness account of the politics of the province from the imposition of martial law in 1919 (following the Jalianwala Bagh massacre) to the reestablishment of martial law accompanying the coup d'etat led by General Ayub Khan in Pakistan in 1958. Nur Ahmad relates the events in the Punjab to the larger Indian Muslim political scene, assesses the development and eventual decline of the Unionist Party (which stood against the partition of India), and traces the rise of support for the Muslim League. He also looks at the post-independence period in Pakistan and the failure of the parliamentary regime, discussing how national-level politics affected the Punjab._
Table of Contents
Preface -- Martial Law and Civil Disobedience -- An Eyewitness Account of the 1919 Martial Law -- Election Scenes in Punjabi Villages -- 33 -- The New Recruit in Mr. Jinnah's Party -- The 21 Day Fast of Mahatma Gandhi -- Dyarchy and the Unionist Party -- The First All-Parties Conference -- 1926: A Dramatic Session of the Central Assembly -- The Muslim Political Camp United Again -- The Tumultuous Tour of the Simon Commission -- Bhagat Singh's Bomb and Ilmuddin's Dagger -- 86 -- The Allahabad Address of Allama Iqbal -- 98 -- Disarray in the Muslim League Organization -- 106 -- 125 -- Unionist Party Intrigues Against Fazl-I-Husain -- The Last Meeting between Jinnah and Sir Fazl-I-Husain -- 151 -- The Political Struggle during the War and the Cripps Proposals -- Glimpses of Provincial Politics -- New Elections Vindicate the Claim of the Qaid-I-Azam -- Partition -- The Decision for Direct Action -- Political Trickery on the Interim Government -- Trouble on the Provincial Fronts -- The Arrival of Mountbatten and the Acceptance of the Pakistan Plan -- Problems of Partition -- 251 -- The Two-Man Boundary Force -- The Accession of Kashmir -- Parliamentary Democracy Tried -- Glimpses of 1948: Disorder in the Provinces -- The Last Ziarat at Ziarat -- 307 -- Prime Minister Nazimuddin and Governor General Ghulam Muhammad - the Beginning of Palace Intrigues -- 339 -- The Nehru-Bogra Compromise -- The New Constituent Assembly and Palace Collusions -- The Republican Party -- New Crises in East Pakistan -- The Annual Bargaining Sessions of the West Pakistan Assembly -- Suhrawardy Resigns and Chundrigar Comes and Goes -- Struggle for Power in East Pakistan -- The Last President of the Muslim League -- Noon's Last Try -- Military Revolution -- Appendices
Syde Nur Ahemd, Craig Baxter is professor emeritus of politics and history at Juanita College.