First published in 1981, From Pauperism to Poverty consists of seven essays, three of which focus on the English poor law between 1800 and 1914 and four of which examine texts of social investigation by Mayhew, Engels, Booth and Rowntree. Rather than making a specialist contribution to the history of social thought and policy, the essays raise general questions about current ways of writing history and alternative analyses of specific texts or institutions are developed. In doing so, the previous histories of the relief of pauperism and the discovery of poverty are revised at many points. Most notably, it is demonstrated for the first time that relief to unemployed men was virtually abolished after 1850.
This book will be of interest to those studying the history of social welfare and poverty.
Acknowledgements; Introduction; Part One: The Poor Law; 1. The poor law before 1834: Appendix – The 1834 Report 2. The poor law after 1834 3. The poor law 1870-1914 4. Statistical appendix: Pauperism in England and Wales c. 1800-1939; Part Two: Social Investigations; 5. Mayhew 6. Engels: Appendix – The Condition has no other 7. Booth: Appendix – Booth and pauperism 8. Rowntree; Bibliography; Index
This set of 25 volumes, originally published between 1805 and 1992, amalgamates original nineteenth-century material and more recent research and analysis on the development of social welfare in Britain and Europe. From Elizabethan poor relief, through the Poor Laws of the nineteenth-century, to the establishment of the British National Health Service in the mid twentieth-century, this set provides a comprehensive overview of the germination and establishment of modern social welfare. Although the set mainly focuses on social welfare in Britain, it also contains some work on welfare in Europe.
This set will be of keen interest to those studying the history of social welfare, social policy, poverty and class.