1st Edition

From Safety to Safety Science
The Evolution of Thinking and Practice



  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after November 30, 2021
ISBN 9780367431228
November 30, 2021 Forthcoming by Routledge
360 Pages 142 B/W Illustrations

USD $160.00

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Book Description

How do accidents and disasters occur? How has knowledge on accident processes evolved? A significant improvement in safety has occurred during the last century, with the number of accidents falling spectacularly within industry, aviation and road traffic. This progress has been gradual in the context of a changing society. The improvements are partly due to a better understanding of the accident processes that ultimately lead to damage. This book shows how contemporary crises instigated the development of safety knowledge and how the safety sciences pieced their theories together by research, by experience and by taking ideas from other domains.

From Safety to Safety Science details 150 years of knowledge development in the safety sciences. The authors have rigorously extracted the essence of safety knowledge development from more than 2,500 articles to provide a unique overview and insight into the background and usability of safety theories, as well as modelling how they developed and how they are used today. Extensive appendices and references provide an additional dimension to support further scholarly work in this field.

The book is divided into clear time periods to make it an accessible piece of science-history that will be invaluable to both new and experienced safety researchers, to safety courses and education, and to learned practitioners.

Table of Contents

TIME TRAVEL

CHAPTER 1 THE BIRTH OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, SAFETY AND SOCIAL STRUGGLE (19TH CENTURY – 1910)

UNITED KINGDOM

The century of steam

UNITED STATES

US Steel, road to happiness

The Pittsburgh investigation

Eastman's conclusions

Responsibility for safety

THE NETHERLANDS

The Netherlands during the century of steam

Safety technique according to Westerouwen van Meeteren

Heijermans’ causes of occupational accidents

CHAPTER 2 ACCIDENT PRONENESS, SAFETY BY INSPECTION (1910-1930)

UNITED STATES

The American management approach

Behavioural management

Safety technique

Safety publications

Professionalisation of occupational safety

Safety management according to DeBlois

Heinrich’s influence

Safety propaganda

UNITED KINGDOM

Safety research

Accident proneness

The individual hypothesis

Between thinking and doing

The environmental hypothesis

THE NETHERLANDS

Individual factors

CHAPTER 3 DOMINOS, SAFETY BY TECHNIQUE – PREVENTION (1931-1950)

UNITED STATES

Heinrich's contribution

The domino metaphor

The National Safety Council

The role of the foreman

Accident investigation, chance and effect

Criticism on Heinrich

The epidemiological triangle

UNITED KINGDOM

Accidents and their prevention

THE NETHERLANDS

Limited knowledge development

Safety museum

Safety inspectors

CHAPTER 4 PREVENTION, BEHAVIOUR AND THE MAKEABLE MAN (1950 – 1970)

UNITED STATES

Modern management

Quality control, product versus process

The latter days of Heinrich

Damage control

Criticism on the psychological explanation of accidents

The hazard-barrier-target model

The concept of risk

Reliability engineering

Ergonomics

Loss prevention and safety tools, FMEA, FTA, Energy Analysis

UNITED KINGDOM

Safety tool, Hazop

Human factors and ergonomics

THE NETHERLANDS

Task dynamics, a safety theory

Focus on occupational safety

The Lateiner method

Workers’ participation

Ergonomics and housekeeping

CHAPTER 5 RISK, SAFETY AND ORGANISATION – MANAGEMENT (1970-1990)

WESTERN EUROPE AND THE NORDIC CONTRIES

Quality of legal provisions for occupational management

Models of occupational safety

Ergonomics and task dynamics

Causes and prevention of 2000 accidents

Occupational safety research in the 1980s

NORTH AMERICA

Structures of organisations

Risk homeostasis

Occupational safety research in the 1980s

Prevention of accidents

Occupational safety management systems and auditing

Workers’ well-being

Safety and changing technology

THE NETHERLANDS

Human error

Risk and occupational safety

Acceptability of risks, standards for occupational exposure to carcinogens

Humanisation of labour

CHAPTER 6 RISK AND MANAGEMENT, SAFETY BY ORGANISATION (1970-1990)

WESTERN EUROPE AND THE NORDIC COUTRIES

Some major industrial accidents in the 1970s

Feyzin 1966

Aberfan 1966

Flixborough 1974

Seveso 1976

Los Alfaques 1978

How safety changed after these major industrial accidents

The nuclear sector

Loss Prevention

Canvey Island study

Inherent safe design

Seveso I

The Disaster Incubation Theory

Man-machine interactions

Some major industrial accidents in the 1980s

Chernobyl 1986

Piper Alpha 1988

Clapham Junction 1988

NORTH AMERICA

Management Oversight Risk Tree

Some major industrial accidents in the 1970s and 1980s

Three Mile Island 1979

Mexico City 1984

Bhopal 1984

How safety changed after these major industrial accidents

Risk approach and risk perception

Normal accidents

Man-machine interactions THERP and High Reliability Theory

Safety management

THE NETHERLANDS

Some major industrial accidents in the 1970s

Shell Pernis 1968

DSM Beek 1975

NAM Schoonebeek 1976

How safety changed after these major industrial accidents

Impact of vapour gas explosions

Fighting blow-outs

Loss Prevention

Origin of the Dutch risk concept

COVO study, LPG study

Coloured books

Broad Societal Discussion

Research on risk perception

The Shell casus

University Training and Research in Safety

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Author(s)

Biography

Paul Swuste is an associate professor of the Safety Science Group, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands. with a MSc degree in Biochemistry (Uni Leyden, 1978) and a Ph.D. thesis 'Occupational Hazards and Solutions' (Delft, 1996). He has conducted research on risk assessments in high-tech-high hazard industries, on the history of knowledge developments in safety science, and on various occupational hazards. He has published frequently on these topics and co-organised the post graduate master course 'Management of Safety Health and Environment' 1994-2008.

Jop Groeneweg graduated as a cognitive psychologist at Leiden University in the early eighties. In a career spanning about four decennia, he was involved in many projects in- and outside the university to improve safety in predominantly industrial organisations. As a professor Safety in Healthcare at Delft University of Technology and human performance expert at Leiden University and research institute TNO in The Netherlands he aims to transfer that knowledge to the medical domain to reduce preventable adverse events while at the same time getting new insights that might help to further improve safety in the industry.

Coen van Gulijk is a senior scientist at TNO Healthy Living, a vising professor at the University of Huddersfield and affiliate researcher of the Safety Science Group of the Delft University of Technology. He is investigating and accelerating the digital transformation of safety models and safety management. He has taught safety science on an academic level in four universities in the Netherlands, Belgium and the UK and actively engaging in international networks and scientific dissemination.

Saul Lemkowitz was an associate professor of the Chemical Engineering department at Delft University of Technology. He studied chemical engineering at Rutgers University in the United States and at Delft. His PhD thesis focused on ‘Phase and corrosion studies of the ammonia - carbon dioxide water system’ (Delft, 1975). Dust explosions and explosion safety in the process industries were his fields of research and education, together with sustainability, industrial ecology, and technology and society. He frequently published on these topics. Regrettably, Saul passed away February 13th 2020.

Yvette Oostendorp finished her master studies in Wageningen in environmental and industrial hygiene in 1983 and worked as a researcher at Wageningen UR on agreement between qualitative estimates and quantitative exposure measurements. From 1986 until 2004 she worked as an industrial hygienist at an Occupational health service. She is (co)-author of several handbooks on chemical risk assessment for professionals in occupational health services. In 2004 she started as a senior advisor at the former Hazardous Substances Council, the advisory council for the Dutch parliament. Since 2012 she works at the Dutch Council for Environment and Infrastructure (RLI).

Walter Zwaard studied chemistry at Leiden University and received his PhD in 1983. He worked at Leiden University as risk manager, radiation safety officer and lecturer on laboratory safety. From 2004 until 2012 he was a member of the Hazardous Substances Council. He published widely on safety issues such as hazardous substances, accident prevention and risk management. He wrote a number of books and was the editor of several textbooks on safety. Since 1992 he works as a safety practitioner and consultant in both public and private sectors. As an instructor and lecturer he participates in many courses for risk professionals.

Frank W. Guldenmund graduated from Leiden University in both cognitive psychology and methods and statistics. In February 1992, he joined the Safety Science Group at Delft University of Technology. In his research, he focusses on the management of safety in industrial organizations and on the behavior of people within those organizations. He has been teaching safety science for nearly 30 years years to both graduate and undergraduate students as well as to safety practitioners. Since 2002 he has been a trainer in the safety culture program of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), providing lectures and workshops on this topic worldwide. Currently, he is on the board of the Dutch Society for Safety Professionals (NVVK) and responsible for embedding (more) science into the work of safety professionals. He is editor of the Society’s journal as well as associate editor of Safety Science.