From Testing to Assessment : English An International Language book cover
1st Edition

From Testing to Assessment
English An International Language

ISBN 9780582218857
Published November 21, 1994 by Routledge
296 Pages

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Book Description

From Testing to Assessment: English as an International Language provides a critical review of conventional and alternative approaches to the assessment of English literacy skills in various parts of the world. It presents empirical studies conducted in three major settings: in countries such as Japan and Brazil where English functions as the language of international commernce; in multilingual countries such as Nigeria and Zimbabwe where English is the national language of education and government; and in such countries as Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States where English is the dominant language.

The book opens with a discussion of language assessment in relation to debates about the nature of literacy; it concludes with a discussion of policy implications, which is grounded in literacy theory as well as in practical constraints such as available human and material resources.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors

Part I: Theoretical Considerations
1. Models of literacy: the nature of reading tests, Clifford Hill and Kate Parry

Part II: Reading Tests
2. The Test of Enlgish as a Foreign Language: developing items for reading comprehension, Bonny Norton Peirce
3. An entrance test to Japanese universities: social and historical context, John E. Ingulsrud
4. The test and the text: readers in a Nigerian secondary school, Kate Parry
5. Adult education in the United States: adapting material for reading tests, Clifford Hill and Laurie Anderson

Part III: Literacy Assessment
6. English education in Zimbabwe: testing communicative competence, Kate Allen
7. English for academic purposes in Brazil: the use of summary tasks, Andrew Cohen
8. An adult learner in Canada: watching assessmen take place, Patrick Cummins and Stan Jones
9. Assessing adult literacy in the United Kingdom: the Progress Profile, Deryn Holland and Brian Street

Part IV: Policy Implications
10. Assessing English language and literacy around the world, Clifford Hill and Kate Parry


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