1st Edition

From the Later Roman Empire to Late Antiquity and Beyond

By Averil Cameron Copyright 2023

    Averil Cameron is one of the leading historians of late antiquity and Byzantium. This collection (Cameron’s third in the Variorum series) discusses the changing approach among historians of the later Roman empire from the 1960s to the present and the articles reproduced have been chosen to reflect both these wider changes in treatments of the subject as well as Cameron’s own development as a historian over many decades. It provides a revealing and important survey of some profound historiographical changes.

    Her volume contains fundamental papers and reviews that tell a story in which she has played a leading part. They move from her early days as an ancient historian to her important contribution in the establishment of the field of late antiquity and point to her later work as a Byzantinist, a trajectory rivalled by few other scholars.

    The book will be important for scholars and students of the later Roman empire and late antiquity, and for anyone interested in the inheritance of Edward Gibbon, the perennial questions about the end of the Roman empire and its supposed decline, or the emergence of Islam in the early seventh century and its relation to the late antique world. (CS 1113).


    1. ‘Gibbon and Justinian’
    2. In Edward Gibbon and Empire, edited by Rosamond McKitterick and Roland Quinault, 34–52. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

    3. ‘Bury, Baynes and Toynbee’
    4. In Through the Looking Glass. Byzantium through British Eyes, edited by Robin Cormack and Elizabeth Jeffreys, 163–76. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000.

    5. ‘Samuel Dill, the End of the Roman Empire, and the Uses of History’
    6. Unpublished, given as The Samuel Dill Lecture, Queen’s University, Belfast, 2016.

    7. Henri Pirenne
    8. Introduction, Mahommed and Charlemagne. London: The Folio Society, 2016.

    9. ‘A.H. M. Jones and the End of the Ancient World’
    10. In A.H. M. Jones and the Later Roman Empire, edited by D.H. Gwynn, 231–49. Brill’s Series on the Early Middle Ages (BSEMA) 15. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2008.

    11. ‘Robert Browning’
    12. PBA 105: 289–306. 2000. Reproduced by Permission of the British Academy and Oxford University Press.

    13. ‘Thoughts on the Introduction to The Conflict Between Paganism and Christianity in the Fourth Century

    In Pagans and Christians in the Roman Empire: The Breaking of a Dialogue (IVthVIth Century A.D.), edited by Peter Brown and Rita Lizzi Testa, 39–54, Proceedings of the International Conference at the Monastery of Bose (October 2008). Münster: Lit Verlag, 2011.

    8 ‘Momigliano and Christianity.

    In The Legacy of Arnaldo Momigliano, edited by Tim Cornell and Oswyn Murray, 107–27. London: The Warburg Institute, 2014.

    9 ‘Late Antiquity: The Total View’

    P&P 88: 129–35. 1980. Reproduced by Permission of Oxford University Press.

    10 ‘Redrawing the Map: Christian Territory After Foucault’

    JRS 76: 266–71. 1986.

    11 ‘The World of Late Antiquity’

    EHR 88, No. 346 (Jan.): 116–11. 1973. Reproduced by Permission of Oxford University Press.

    12 ‘Ascetic Closure and the End of Antiquity’

    In Asceticism, edited by Vincent L. Wimbush and Richard Valantasis, 147–61. New York: Oxford University Press. Reproduced by Permission of Oxford University Press.

    13 ‘On Defining the Holy Man’

    In The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, edited by James Howard-Johnston and Paul Antony Hayward, 27–43. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1999. Reproduced by Permission of Oxford University Press.

    14 ‘The Perception of Crisis’

    In Morfologie sociali e culturali in Europa fra tarda antichità e alto medioevo, 3–9 aprile 1997, 1, Settimane di Studio del Centro Italiano di Studi sull’Alto Medioevo 45, 9–34. Spoleto: Fondazione Centro Italiano di Studi sull’Alto Medioevo. 1998.


    Averil Cameron is the author of two previous Variorum volumes and many books and articles about late antiquity and Byzantium. In her long career she has been professor of Byzantine studies at King’s College London and of Byzantine history at the University of Oxford, where she was also Warden of Keble College from 1994 to 2010. Her most recent books include Byzantine Matters (2014), Dialoguing in Late Antiquity (2014), Arguing It Out (2016) and Byzantine Christianity (2017).