This book deals with the conflict between Northern and Southern Sudan over the Abeyi region and other border areas. This area has historically been a model of peaceful coexistence and cooperation but since its independence it has become a point of violent confrontation. Frontiers of Unity provides an essential background to the complexities of the conflict, looking at the factors behind it and calling for the resolution of Africa’s longest running dispute.
First written in 1972, after the agreement that ended the war in Sudan, the original text has been supplemented by additions and modifications to update its relevance to the current situation in Southern Sudan. In 1983, the continuing dispute in Abyei led to the resumption of hostilities and the eventual escalation into a full-fledged armed struggle under the leadership of the SPLM/A, which continues today. Without resolving the cause of Abyei and the other border areas of the Nuba and Southern Blue Nile, no sustainable peace between the North and South is possible.
This important historical document will be of great relevance to scholars of African-Arab relations, conflict and peace studies and nation building.
Part One: Framing the Context 1. Updated Preface, 2003 2. Overview of the Problem, 1999 3. Original Preface, 1977 Part Two: The Ngok Dinka at the North-South Crossroads 4. Introduction, 1977 5. Precolonial Period 6. Anglo-Egyptian Condominium Period 7. Postcolonial Developments Part Three: Perspectives on Abyei Development 8. A Proposed Plan for the Development of Abyei as a Model for National Integration, 1972 9. Report of Justin Deng Aguer, Special Envoy to the Ministerial Committee on the Development of the Abyei District 10. Initiating Rural Development in Abyei: An Integrated Approach Lester E. Gordon and Stephen Joseph 11. A Development Program for Abyei David C. Cole, Richard Cash, William R. Huntington, and John Villaume 12. Programs and Special Plans for the Development of Abyei Proposed by a Joint HIID–Sudanese Expert Team, 1977 13. Commentary on the HIID Report Muhammad al Hasan Mukhtar and Abdalla Babikr, Ministry of Agriculture 14. An Amendment Proposal for an Integrated Rural Development Project for Abyei Mohammad al Hasan Mukhtar and Abdalla Babkir, Ministry of Agriculture Part Four: Abyei in Perspective 15. Eyes on Abyei: Competing Perspectives on Rural Development Francis M. Deng, "Afterword" to David C. Cole and Richard Huntington, Between a Swamp and a Hard Place: Development Challenges in Remote Rural Africa 16. Abyei and the Challenge of Sustainable Peace in the Sudan Francis M. Deng, 2003 17. Self-determination and Self-administration: The Critical Choices for Abyei Francis M. Deng, 2003