Fuel Cells: Principles, Design, and Analysis, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Fuel Cells

Principles, Design, and Analysis, 1st Edition

By Shripad T. Revankar, Pradip Majumdar

CRC Press

748 pages | 224 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781420089684
pub: 2014-05-28
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429162435
pub: 2016-04-19
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Fuel Cells: Principles, Design, and Analysis considers the latest advances in fuel cell system development and deployment, and was written with engineering and science students in mind. This book provides readers with the fundamentals of fuel cell operation and design, and incorporates techniques and methods designed to analyze different fuel cell systems. It builds on three main themes: basic principles, analysis, and design.

The section on basic principles contains background information on fuel cells, including fundamental principles such as electrochemistry, thermodynamics, and kinetics of fuel cell reactions as well as mass and heat transfer in fuel cells. The section on design explores important characteristics associated with various fuel cell components, electrodes, electrocatalysts, and electrolytes, while the section on analysis examines phenomena characterization and modeling both at the component and system levels.

  • Includes objectives and a summary in each chapter
  • Presents examples and problems demonstrating theory/principle applications
  • Provides case studies on fuel cell analysis
  • Contains mathematical methods including numerical methods and MATLAB® Simulink® techniques
  • Offers references and material for further reading

Fuel Cells: Principles, Design, and Analysis presents the basic principles, examples, and models essential in the design and optimization of fuel cell systems. Based on more than ten years of the authors’ teaching experience, this text is an ideal resource for junior- to senior-level undergraduate students and for graduate students pursuing advanced fuel cell research and study.


"This book covers all essential themes of fuel cells ranging from fundamentals to applications. It includes key advanced topics important for understanding correctly the underlying multi-science phenomena of fuel cell processes. The book does not only cope with traditional fuel cells but also discusses the future concepts of fuel cells. The book is rich on examples and solutions important for applying the theory into practical use."

—Peter Lund, Aalto University, Helsinki

"A good introduction to the range of disciplines needed to design, build and test fuel cells."

—Nigel Brandon, Imperial College

"This is a one of a kind book that is comprehensive in covering key topics on fuel cell from extensive reviews of electrochemistry and thermodynamics, to modeling and simulation, to fuel processing and environmental impact. The book lays out in-depth theoretical aspects on fuel cell multi-science processes and yet presents material easy to comprehend. It is well written and sufficiently consistent in style embedded with practical examples to serve as an excellent textbook for both undergraduate and graduate course works. The level of thoroughness and detail is impressive and material presented is useful for the broader fuel cell community, including engineers, industry and researchers."

—Suddhasatwa Basu, Ph.D., professor and head of the chemical engineering department, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi

Table of Contents


Primary Energy Sources—Fossil Fuel

Renewable Energy Resources and Alternative Energy Systems

Electrochemical Device—Basic Components and Operation

Basic Components and Operation of a Fuel Cell

Classification and Types of Fuel Cell

Applications of Fuel Cell


Review of Electrochemistry

Electrochemical and Electrolysis Cell

Oxidation and Reduction Processes

Faraday’s Laws

Ideal Polarized Electrode

Polarization and Overpotential

Conductivity and Ohm’s Law

Mass Transport and Nernst–Planck Equation

Standard Hydrogen and Other Reference Electrode

Cyclic Voltammetry


Reviews of Thermodynamics

State, Phase, and Properties

Thermodynamic Process and Cycle

Ideal Gas Equation of State

Energy and Energy Transfer

The Conservation of Mass

The First Law of Thermodynamics

The Second Law of Thermodynamics

Thermodynamic Relations

Specific Heat

Estimation of Change in Enthalpy, Entropy, and Gibbs Function for Ideal Gases

Mixture of Gases

Combustion Process

Enthalpy of Formation hf ( 0 )

First Law for Reacting Systems

Enthalpy of Combustion (hRP)

Temperature of Product of Combustion

Absolute Entropy sf ( 0 )

Gibbs Function of Formation gf ( 0 )


Thermodynamics of Fuel Cell

Conventional Power Generation—Heat Engine

Energy Conversion in Fuel Cell

Changes in Gibbs Free Energy

Effect of Operating Conditions on Reversible Voltage

Fuel Cell Efficiency

Fuel Consumption and Supply Rates

Water Production Rate

Heat Generation in a Fuel Cell



Electrochemical Kinetics

Electrical Double Layer

Electrode Kinetics

Single- and Multistep Electrode Reactions

Electrode Reaction in Equilibrium—Exchange Current Density

Equation for Current Density—The Butler–Volmer Equation

Activation Overpotential and Controlling Factors

Tafel Equation—Simplified Activation Kinetics

Relationship of Activation Overpotential with Current Density—Tafel Plots

Fuel Cell Kinetics

Fuel Cell Irreversibilities—Voltage Losses

Fuel Cell Polarization Curve



Heat and Mass Transfer in Fuel Cell

Fluid Flow

Heat Transfer in Fuel Cell

Mass Transfer in Fuel Cell

Diffusion Coefficient

Mass Transfer Resistance in Fuel Cell



Charge and Water Transport in Fuel Cell

Charge Transport

Solid-State Diffusion

Charge Conductivity

Ohmic Loss in Fuel Cell

Water Transport Rate Equation



Fuel Cell Characterization

Characterization of Fuel Cell and Fuel Cell Components

Electrochemical Characterization Techniques

Characterization of Electrodes and Electrocatalysts

Characterization of Membrane Electrode Assembly

Characterization of Bipolar Plates

Characterization of Porous Structures of Electrodes and Membranes

Fuel Cell Test Facility



Fuel Cell Components and Design

Alkaline Fuel Cell

Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell

Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell


Fuel Cell Stack, Bipolar Plate, and Gas Flow Channel

Fuel Cell Stack Design

Fuel Cell Stack and Power System

Water Removal and Management

Cooling/Heating System for Fuel Cells

Bipolar Plate Design

Gas Flow Field


Simulation Model for Analysis and Design of Fuel Cell

Zero-Order Fuel Cell Analysis Model

One-Dimensional Fuel Cell Analysis Model

One-Dimensional Water Transport Model

One-Dimensional Electrochemical Model

One-Dimensional Fuel Cell Thermal Analysis Model

A Simplified One-Dimensional Heat Transfer Model

Multi-Dimensional Model


Dynamic Simulation and Fuel Cell Control System

Dynamic Simulation Model for Fuel Cell Systems

Simulation of Fuel Cell–Powered Vehicle

Dynamic Simulation of Integrated Fuel Cell Systems

Control System


Fuel Cell Power Generation Systems

Fuel Cell Subsystems

Fuels and Fuel Processing

Hydrogen as Energy Carrier



Fuel Cell Application, Codes and Standards, and Environmental Effects

Fuel Cell Applications

Fuel Cell Codes and Standards

Environmental Effects






About the Authors/Editor

Shripad T. Revankar is a professor of nuclear engineering at Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, and visiting professor at POSTECH, South Korea, in the Division of Advanced Nuclear Engineering. He received his MSc (1977), PhD (1983) in physics from Karnataka University, India, and M.Eng. (1982) in nuclear engineering from McMaster University Canada. He has published more than 300 refereed research papers in journal and conferences, is editor-in-chief of Frontier Energy-Nuclear Energy, serves on the editorial boards of eight international journals including Heat Transfer Engineering, ASME Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology, and is also an ASME Fellow and winner of several awards.

Pradip Majumdar is a professor and chair of mechanical engineering, and the director of the Heat and Mass Transfer Laboratory in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois. He received his BS degree (1975) in mechanical engineering from B.E College, University of Calcutta, and MS (1980) and PhD (1986) degrees in mechanical engineering from Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago. He has worked on a number of federal and industrial research projects and published over 100 refereed research papers in archival journals and conference proceedings. He serves as the editor-in-chief of the Transactions of Fluid Mechanics, International Journal.

About the Series

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Series

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Energy
SCIENCE / Mechanics / Dynamics / Thermodynamics
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General